Audrey Boniface

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The biosynthesis of bacterial cell wall peptidoglycan is a complex process that involves enzyme reactions that take place in the cytoplasm (synthesis of the nucleotide precursors) and on the inner side (synthesis of lipid-linked intermediates) and outer side (polymerization reactions) of the cytoplasmic membrane. This review deals with the cytoplasmic steps(More)
The peptidoglycan of Thermotoga maritima, an extremely thermophilic eubacterium, was shown to contain no diaminopimelic acid and approximate amounts of both enantiomers of lysine (Huber, R., Langworthy, T. A., König, H., Thomm, M., Woese, C. R., Sleytr, U. B., and Stetter, K. O. (1986) Arch. Microbiol. 144, 324-333). To assess the possible involvement of(More)
Pseudomonas entomophila is an entomopathogenic bacterium that is lethal to Drosophila melanogaster within 1-2 days of ingestion of high doses. Flies orally infected with P. entomophila rapidly succumb despite the induction of both local and systemic immune responses. Recent studies suggest that its virulence relies on its ability to cause irreversible(More)
Not all children with X-linked hypophosphatemia (XLH) have demonstrated improved linear growth with calcitriol [1,25-(OH)2D3] and inorganic phosphate (Pi) therapy. To assess which factors are associated with a favorable growth response during this treatment, we retrospectively compared demographics and biochemical parameters of bone metabolism to the linear(More)
The Mur ligases (MurC, MurD, MurE and MurF) catalyze the stepwise synthesis of the UDP-N-acetylmuramoyl-pentapeptide precursor of peptidoglycan. The murC, murD, murE and murF genes from Staphylococcus aureus, a major pathogen, were cloned and the corresponding proteins were overproduced in Escherichia coli and purified as His(6)-tagged forms. Their(More)
The increasing emergence of pathogenic bacterial strains with high resistance to antibiotic therapy has created an urgent need for the development of new antibacterial agents that are directed towards novel targets. We have focused our attention on the Mur ligases (MurC-F), which catalyze the early steps of bacterial peptidoglycan biosynthesis, and which to(More)
Occipital horn syndrome, a rare genetic disorder of copper metabolism, was recognized in 2 unrelated patients. Radiographs of these patients at various ages allowed confirmation of previously described radiographic findings. In addition, new radiographic manifestations were encountered. These pathognomonic radiographic findings are presented and the(More)
In 1991, we reported that hypercalciuria is a common finding in our pediatric patient population with osteogenesis imperfecta (OI) (17 of 47 = 36%). Here, we prospectively screened 12 of these hypercalciuric children, on average 4 years subsequent to the discovery of elevated urine calcium levels, for adverse effects on renal function. Despite an ad libitum(More)
Thermotoga maritima is a Gram-negative, hyperthermophilic bacterium whose peptidoglycan contains comparable amounts of L- and D-lysine. We have determined the fine structure of this cell-wall polymer. The muropeptides resulting from the digestion of peptidoglycan by mutanolysin were separated by high-performance liquid chromatography and identified by amino(More)
The ATP-dependent Mur ligases (MurC, MurD, MurE and MurF) successively add L-Ala, D-Glu, meso-A(2)pm or L-Lys, and D-Ala-D-Ala to the nucleotide precursor UDP-MurNAc, and they represent promising targets for antibacterial drug discovery. We have used the molecular docking programme eHiTS for the virtual screening of 1990 compounds from the National Cancer(More)