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OBJECTIVE Myogenic tone (MT) of resistance arteries ensures autoregulation of blood flow in organs and relies on the intrinsic property of smooth muscle to contract in response to stretch. Nucleotides released by mechanical strain on cells are responsible for pleiotropic vascular effects, including vasoconstriction. Here, we evaluated the contribution of(More)
Resveratrol (RSV) has been shown to be involved in the regulation of energetic metabolism, generating increasing interest in therapeutic use. SIRT1 has been described as the main target of RSV. However, recent reports have challenged the hypothesis of its direct activation by RSV, and the signaling pathways remain elusive. Here, the effects of RSV on(More)
OBJECTIVE Flow- (shear stress-)mediated outward remodeling of resistance arteries is involved in collateral growth during postischemic revascularization. As this remodeling is especially important during pregnancy, we hypothesized that estrogens may be involved. A surgical model eliciting a local increase in blood flow in 1 mesenteric resistance artery was(More)
Aging leads to increased insulin resistance and arterial dysfunction, with oxidative stress playing an important role. This study explored the metabolic and arterial effects of a chronic treatment with resveratrol, an antioxidant polyphenol compound that has been shown to restore insulin sensitivity and decrease oxidative stress, in old mice with or without(More)
High-protein-low-carbohydrate (HP-LC) diets have become widespread. Yet their deleterious consequences, especially on glucose metabolism and arteries, have already been underlined. Our previous study (2) has already shown glucose intolerance with major arterial dysfunction in very old mice subjected to an HP-LC diet. The hypothesis of this work was that(More)
Resveratrol is often described as a promising therapeutic molecule for numerous diseases, especially in metabolic and neurodegenerative disorders. While the mechanism of action is still debated, an increasing literature reports that resveratrol regulates the mitochondrial respiratory chain function. In a recent study we have identified mitochondrial complex(More)
Fibroblast growth factor 21 (FGF21) was shown to improve metabolic homeostasis, at least partly by controlling white adipocyte profile and adiponectin secretion. Here, we studied its effect on adipocyte dysfunction in the context of Berardinelli-Seip congenital lipodystrophy (BSCL) linked to seipin deficiency. Bscl2-/- mice displayed a progressive adipose(More)
Obesity is a major public health issue, with a prevalence of 4 to 28% for men and 6.2 to 36.5% for women in Europe (from 2003 to 2008). Morbid obesity is frequently associated with metabolic complications, such as type 2 diabetes, hypertension, and dyslipidemia, reducing life expectancy and quality. In the absence of any effective noninvasive treatments,(More)
BACKGROUND Increased lipopolysaccharide (LPS) translocation due to altered intestinal permeability has been suggested as a mechanism for obesity-associated insulin resistance. The goal of this study was to assess the effect of sleeve gastrectomy (SG) on intestinal barrier permeability in diet-induced obese mice. MATERIALS AND METHODS Four weeks after(More)
Aging leads to a high prevalence of glucose intolerance and cardiovascular diseases, with oxidative stress playing a potential role. Resveratrol has shown promising effects on glucose tolerance and tends to improve endothelial function in elderly patients. Thioredoxin-interacting protein (TXNIP) was recently proposed as a potential link connecting glucose(More)