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BACKGROUND Twin pregnancies after IVF are still frequent and are considered high-risk pregnancies leading to high costs. Transferring one embryo can reduce the twin pregnancy rate. We compared cost-effectiveness of one fresh cycle elective single embryo transfer (eSET) versus one fresh cycle double embryo transfer (DET) in an unselected patient population.(More)
BACKGROUND A selective switch to elective single embryo transfer (eSET) in IVF has been suggested to prevent complications of fertility treatment for both mother and infants. We compared seven IVF strategies concerning their cost-effectiveness using a Markov model. METHODS The model was based on a three IVF-attempts time horizon and a societal perspective(More)
BACKGROUND Elective single embryo transfer (eSET) in a selected group of patients (i.e. young patients with at least one good quality embryo) reduces the number of multiple pregnancies in an IVF programme. However, the reduced overall multiple pregnancy rate (PR) is still unacceptably high. Therefore, a randomized controlled trial (RCT) was conducted(More)
BACKGROUND Intranasal (IN) midazolam is a potential alternative to rectal diazepam for the acute treatment of epileptic seizures. OBJECTIVE The purpose of this pilot study was to investigate the pharmacokinetics and tolerability of IN midazolam (50 mg/mL) compared with intravenous (IV) midazolam (2.5 mg) in healthy adult volunteers. METHODS In this(More)
Multiple pregnancies lead to complications and induce high costs. The most successful way to decrease multiple pregnancies in IVF is to transfer only one embryo, which might reduce the efficacy of treatment. The objective of this review is to determine which embryo-transfer policy is most cost-effective: elective single-embryo transfer (eSET) or(More)
OBJECTIVES To prospectively describe the prevalence and predictive factors of chronic postsurgical pain (CPSP) and poor global recovery in a large outpatient population at a university hospital, 1 year after outpatient surgery. MATERIALS AND METHODS A prospective longitudinal cohort study was performed. During 18 months, patients presenting for(More)
INTRODUCTION In several clinics, elective single-embryo transfer (eSET) is applied in a selected group of patients based on age and the availability of a good-quality embryo. Whether or not eSET can be applied irrespective of the presence of a good-quality embryo in the first cycle, to further reduce the twin pregnancy rate, remains to be elucidated. (More)
PURPOSE OF REVIEW Labor pain is a complex phenomenon with sensory, emotional, and perceptive components and can be regarded as one of the most serious kinds of pain. Different strategies to approach acute labor pain have been developed. Chronic pain after labor and delivery has not been studied so extensively. In this review recent findings about chronic(More)
BACKGROUND For the evaluation of tubal function, Chlamydia antibody testing (CAT) has been introduced as a screening test. We compared six CAT screening strategies (five CAT tests and one combination of tests), with respect to their cost-effectiveness, by using IVF pregnancy rate as outcome measure. METHODS A decision analytic model was developed based on(More)
OBJECTIVES Because existing instruments for assessing surgical fear seem either too general or too limited, the Surgical Fear Questionnaire (SFQ) was developed. The aim of this study is to assess the validity and reliability of the SFQ. METHODS Based on existing literature and expert consultation the ten-item SFQ was composed. Data on the SFQ were(More)