Mining, handling, processing, and personal or commercial use of asbestos-contaminated vermiculite have led to widespread contamination of the Libby, Montana, area. We initiated a medical testing program in response to reports of respiratory illness in the community. The purpose of this analysis was to identify and quantify asbestos-related radiographic… (More)
Pulmonary function was assessed by spirometry and maximum expiratory flow-volume curves to determine whether exposure to an occupational environment contaminated with vinyl chloride (VC) fumes and poly(vinyl chloride) (PVC) dust is associated with an increased risk of respiratory impairment. Data were analyzed for smoking, duration of exposure, and age. The… (More)
The need for high quality and timely disaster research has been a topic of great discussion over the past several years. Recent high profile incidents have exposed gaps in knowledge about the health impacts of disasters or the benefits of specific interventions-such was the case with the 2010 Gulf Oil Spill and recent events associated with… (More)
for their roles in the review and oversight of the GuLF STUDY. The comments they made during the review process were incorporated into the study protocol and consent documents and played an important role in ensuring ethical and regulatory oversight of the study. The authors regret this omission.
Asbestos-related diseases continue to result in approximately 120,000 deaths every year in the United States and worldwide. Although extensive research has been conducted on health effects of occupational exposures to asbestos, many issues related to environmental asbestos exposures remain unresolved. For example, environmental asbestos exposures associated… (More)
Several monocyte/macrophage-derived factors have been reported to influence human and murine B cell function. Interleukin 1 (IL-1), a product of activated monocytes, has been shown (1, 2) to augment both the proliferation and differentiation of human B cells. Additionally, stimulated monocytes have been shown (3) to release a factor that induces the… (More)
Simple tests based on a voluntary forced expiration can detect pulmonary impairment of occupational or environmental origin earlier than can be done using clinical or radiographic examination. These tests are easily performed and repeated, require little time and can be readily set up in the field. Flow impairment ("obstructive") has conventionally been… (More)