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The performance of 4 rapid and simple assays: Camstix-HIV 1+2 (Camdiagnostix, Yaounde, Cameroon); Determine HIV 1+2+0 (Abbott Laboratories, Tokyo, Japan); Genie II HIV-1/HIV-2 (Bio-Rad, Marnes la Coquette, France); ImmunoComb II HIV 1 & 2 BiSpot (Orgenics, Yavne, Israel); and 2 fourth-generation ELISAs: Enzygnost HIV Integral (Dade Behring, Marburg,(More)
Most commercial HIV-1 genotyping assays are hampered by high cost in resource-limited settings. Moreover, their performance might be influenced over time by HIV genetic heterogeneity and evolution. An in-house genotyping protocol was developed, and its sequencing performance and reproducibility were compared to that of ViroSeq™. One hundred ninety plasma(More)
Recently T-20 or enfuvirtide, the first drug of a new class of antiretrovirals targeting the entry stage of the virus life cycle, has been clinically approved. Enfuvirtide is a peptide derived from the HR2 region of the transmembrane glycoprotein from the HXB2 HIV-1 subtype B prototype strain that binds to the HR1 region. Drug resistance seems to occur in(More)
OBJECTIVE To evaluate HIV-1 antibody seroprevalence and risk factors for HIV seropositivity in rural areas of Cameroon. METHOD The prevalences of HIV antibodies in 53 villages in rural Cameroon visited during May-October 2000 were determined with an HIV1/2 rapid assay, standard ELISA, and western blot. Demographic data and risk factors were elicited via(More)
Though the HIV-1 subtypes infecting patients living in urban and semi-urban areas in Cameroon have been reported, information on the subtypes infecting patients in rural villages is lacking. To begin to understand the diversity of the HIV-1 group M subtypes infecting persons living in rural villages in the equatorial rain forest regions of Cameroon, 49(More)
BACKGROUND Scale-up to antiretroviral therapy (ART) requires surveillance for HIV drug resistance. With the goal of attaining 100% pediatric ART coverage in Cameroon, strategies to limit the spread of HIV resistance among children are very important. METHODS From June 2009 through February 2011, 92 HIV-1-infected children (41 ART-naive, 51 failing(More)
An array of CRFs have been identified in Cameroon, the most notable being CRF02_AG. HIV-1 in the East Province of Cameroon is particularly diverse: in a recent study, we found a high proportion of unique recombinant forms (URFs). Herein we describe the analysis of the full-length sequences of two of these URFs, which, after preliminary analysis of gag, pol,(More)
The HIV-1 genetic diversity in most parts of Cameroon is well described and shown to be very broad. However, little is known about the composition of the HIV-1 epidemic in the rural parts of eastern Cameroon. Therefore, we investigated 25 specimens from this region for their subtypes in gag, pol, and env gene fragments. Along with genetic material of(More)
Currently the prevalence of HIV-1 infection in Cameroon is 5.1%, CRF02_AG subtype is responsible for about 50% of infections. Since an HIV-1 drug resistance test is not yet available widely, accurate data on the prevalence of resistant viral strains are missing. The objective of this study was to determine HIV-1 genetic diversity and to characterize HIV-1(More)
AIM To investigate the prevalence and genotypic profile of overt and occult hepatitis-B infection (OBI) among HIV-infected individuals in Cameroon. METHODS 212 HIV-infected Cameroonians, aged 37.6 [IQR: 32.6-46.6] followed-up at the University Health Centre in Yaoundé, were tested for HBsAg, anti-HBs, anti-HBc IgG/IgM, HBV-DNA and anti-HCV IgG. HBV(More)