Atushi Nakano

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Lectin-like oxidized LDL receptor-1 (LOX-1) is an endothelial receptor for oxidized LDL (oxLDL) and plays multiple roles in the development of cardiovascular diseases. We screened more than 400 foodstuff extracts for identifying materials that inhibit oxLDL binding to LOX-1. Results showed that 52 extracts inhibited LOX-1 by more than 70% in cell-free(More)
OBJECTIVES Hypertension is a powerful independent risk factor for atherosclerotic cardiovascular diseases; however, the precise molecular mechanisms whereby hypertension promotes atherosclerotic formation remain to be determined. The interaction between oxidized low-density lipoprotein (oxLDL) and its receptor lectin-like oxidized low-density lipoprotein(More)
A new technique using particle image velocimetry (PIV) has been developed to evaluate the detailed velocity profiles of red cells flowing in microvessels. The microcirculation in rat mesentery was directly observed using high-speed videomicroscopy, and the images of red cells flowing in the mesenteric arterioles were recorded simultaneously with the(More)
The maturity of pericytes in cerebral neocapillaries induced by two different growth factors: basic fibroblast growth factor (bFGF) and platelet-derived growth factor (PDGF), was examined using an immunohistochemical staining technique. Cerebral angiogenesis was induced in mice by implanting a sandwich system of bFGF/PDGF gel and nylon-mesh over the exposed(More)
Vascular remodeling induced in rat limb by arteriovenous (AV) shunting was investigated by evaluating changes in vascular diameter and cell morphology. In Wistar rats, a vein graft was implanted in situ in the hind limb. Flow-rate in the grafted vein was assessed by measuring flow in the common femoral artery using an ultrasonic flowmeter. Nuclei and actin(More)
Arteriovenous (AV) fistulas have been used clinically for improving adjunctive bypass patency. Such AV shunting induces retrograde flow in the microvascular network, which may induce microvascular remodeling and angiogenesis at the chronic phase. This paper was aimed to examine heterogeneity of blood flow among capillaries in the retrograde microcirculation(More)
Autologus veins have been used clinically as a bypass conduit for reconstruction of small arteries, but there are few data available for microvascular response to arteriovenous (AV) shunting. This study was aimed to evaluate microvascular hemodynamic changes induced by creating AV anastomosis in rat hindlimb. Using intravital fluorescence videomicroscopy,(More)
Patients with inner ear impairment have complaints of vertigo and also occasionally depression. The present study was undertaken in order to evaluate changes in monoamines which have reportedly been closely related to depression, using cisplatin-induced unilateral inner-ear impaired rats. A dose of 0.5 mg/kg of cisplatin was injected into the right tympanic(More)
Capillary angiogenesis and remodeling induced by arteriovenous (AV) shunting in rat hind limb was investigated by evaluating changes in capillary density and diameter in the skeletal muscle subject to retrograde flow and high pressure. Wistar rats were used, and an AV anastomosis was created in the hind limb. Two weeks after AV shunting, the(More)
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