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Neutrophils are the first line of innate immune defense against infectious diseases. However, since their discovery by Elie Metchnikoff, they have always been considered tissue-destructive cells responsible for inflammatory tissue damage occurring during acute infections. Now, extensive research in the field of neutrophil cell biology and their role skewing(More)
Ascites from ovarian cancer patients contain potent growth-promoting activity toward human ovarian cancer cells both in vitro and in vivo. This activity is associated with rapid increases in cytosolic free calcium ([Ca2+]i) as a consequence of phosphoinositide hydrolysis. In this study, we describe the purification, characterization, and identification of(More)
OBJECTIVE To define the spectrum of zygomycosis due to mucorales in an Indian scenario. METHODS One-hundred and twenty-nine patients with zygomycosis due to mucorales diagnosed at the Postgraduate Institute of Medical Education and Research, Chandigarh, India during 1990-99, were retrospectively analysed regarding the sites of involvement, underlying(More)
Peste des petits ruminants (PPR) is an emerging, economically important viral disease of goats and sheep in the Indian subcontinent. In the present investigation, 15 hill goats were experimentally infected with 2 ml of 10% splenic suspension of a virulent isolate of PPR virus (PPR/Izatnagar/94) that had caused heavy mortality (>75%) in goats during 1994(More)
BACKGROUND & AIMS Various vasoconstrictors are useful in the management of hepatorenal syndrome (HRS). Terlipressin is the drug of choice; however, it is expensive. In this study, we evaluated safety and efficacy of terlipressin and noradrenaline in the treatment of HRS. METHODS Forty-six patients with HRS type 1 were managed with terlipressin (group A,(More)
Mounting evidence suggests copper may influence the progression of Alzheimer's disease by reducing clearance of the amyloid beta protein (Abeta) from the brain. Previous experiments show that addition of only 0.12 PPM copper (one-tenth the Environmental Protection Agency Human consumption limits) to distilled water was sufficient to precipitate the(More)
BACKGROUND In May 2006, the UK Human Fertilization and Embryology Authority (HFEA) approved use of preimplantation genetic diagnosis (PGD) for lower penetrance, late onset cancer susceptibility syndromes such as hereditary breast and ovarian cancer (HBOC). This is the first report on views of BRCA gene mutation carriers on use of PGD for HBOC. METHODS(More)
Bacteroides forsythus is a recently recognized human periodontopathogen associated with advanced, as well as recurrent, periodontitis. However, very little is known about the mechanism of pathogenesis of this organism. The present study was undertaken to identify the surface molecules of this bacterium that may play roles in its adherence to oral tissues or(More)
BACKGROUND Human epidermal growth factor receptor 2 (HER2) is amplified and overexpressed in 20-25% of breast cancers. This study investigated circulating free DNA (cfDNA) for detection of HER2 gene amplification in patients with breast cancer. METHODS Circulating free DNA was extracted from plasma of unselected patients with primary breast cancer (22(More)