Atul Sahai

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The pathogenesis of nonalcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH) is poorly defined. Feeding mice a diet deficient in methionine and choline (MCD diet) induces experimental NASH. Osteopontin (OPN) is a Th1 cytokine that plays an important role in several fibroinflammatory diseases. We examined the role of OPN in the development of experimental NASH. A/J mice were fed(More)
1. Abstract Many industrial design optimization and stochastic analysis problems have the following common features: (i) the response functions are evaluated as a result of expensive numerical computations, and (ii) function values may contain some level of numerical noise. In this paper these features are addressed by the use of high quality approximations(More)
Feeding mice a methionine and choline-deficient (MCD) diet serves as an experimental animal model for nonalcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH). In the present study we examined the effect of exposing AML-12 hepatocytes to MCD culture medium in regard to mechanisms of steatosis and alanine amino-transferase (ALT) release. Cells exposed to MCD medium developed(More)
We examined the effect of hypoxia and high glucose (HG) on ANG II type 1 (AT(1)) receptor expression and proliferation in cultured vascular smooth muscle (VSM) cells. Exposure of quiescent cells to hypoxia in a serum-free DME-Ham's F-12 medium for 6-24 h induced a progressive increase in AT(1) mRNA expression. Exposure of cells to 24 h of hypoxia also(More)
The molecular mechanism(s) by which high glucose induces fibronectin expression via G-protein activation in the kidney are largely unknown. This investigation describes the effect of high glucose (HG) on a small GTP-binding protein, Rap1b, expression and activation, and the relevance of protein kinase C (PKC) and Raf pathways in fibronectin synthesis in(More)
Uncertainty is inevitable in any design process. The uncertainty could be due to the variations in geometry of the part, material properties or due to the lack of knowledge about the phenomena being modeled itself. Deterministic design optimization does not take uncertainty into account and worst case scenario assumptions lead to vastly over conservative(More)
Several observations now support the view that the sympathetic system actively participates in the development of cardiac hypertrophy. Since norepinephrine (NE)-containing neurons involved in cardiovascular regulation in the brain are known to coexist with neuropeptide Y (NPY), it is possible that a functional interaction between NPY and NE exists(More)
Using an in vitro assay system, we found that GGF-2 increases the number of nascent trunk neural crest cells (NCC) present in the dorsal outgrowth derived from E12 caudal neural tube explants. Data is presented which suggests that this increased outgrowth was due to a combination of GGF-2 mediated effects, including its ability to promote (A) NCC survival(More)
Computational optimization for design is effective, only to the extent that the aggregate objective function adequately captures designer's preference. Physical programming is an optimization method that captures the designer's physical understanding of the desired design outcome in forming the objective function. Furthermore, to be useful, a resulting(More)
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