Atul Ratra

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Osteofibrous dysplasia and adamantinoma are rare lesions of primary benign and malignant bone tumors with an incidence of less than 1%. These lesions arise primarily in long bones with a predilection for the tibia and fibula. Osteofibrous dysplasia is a benign fibro-osseous lesion typically found in children younger than 10 years. Adamantinomas, however,(More)
Background. Organizing pneumonia is an uncommon diffuse interstitial lung disease that affects the terminal and respiratory bronchioles, alveolar ducts, and alveoli. Most cases are idiopathic, but some are associated with infections. We present an uncommon case of organizing pneumonia associated with herpes simplex virus-1 (HSV-1). Case. A 39-year-old man(More)
Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) occurs in 5%-14% of adults but is often undiagnosed. Apneas cause acute physiological changes, including alveolar hypoventilation and pulmonary artery vasoconstriction; they also promote chronic vascular disease secondary to increased platelet adhesiveness, endothelial dysfunction, and accelerated atherosclerosis. The Sleep(More)
Patients with upper gastrointestinal (GI) bleeding frequently require hospitalization and have a mortality rate that ranges from 6% to 14%. These patients need rapid clinical assessment to determine the urgency of endoscopy and the need for endoscopic treatment. Risk-scoring tools, such as the Rockall score and the Glasgow-Blatchford score, are commonly(More)
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