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To analyse agreement between two methods for blood glucose measurement in intensive care patients: capillary blood using a reagent strip and glucometer with arterial blood using a blood gas analyser. Prospective, single-centre, observational study in a 12-bed tertiary referral intensive care unit. Blood glucose levels were measured in consecutive patients(More)
Extubation failure-need for reintubation within 72 h of extubation, is common in intensive care unit (ICU). It can cause increased morbidity, higher costs, higher ICU and hospital length of stay (LOS) and mortality. Patients with advanced age, high severity of illness at ICU admission and extubation, preexisting chronic respiratory and cardiovascular(More)
BACKGROUND The costs of healthcare are increasing. Intensive care poses largest burden on the hospital budget, even in developed countries. We attempted to find out the costs of intensive care in an Indian cancer hospital. MATERIALS AND METHODS Cost data was prospectively collected for patient-related and non-patient-related activities in a mixed(More)
AIMS To obtain information on organizational aspects, case mix and practices in Indian Intensive Care Units (ICUs). PATIENTS AND METHODS An observational, 4-day point prevalence study was performed between 2010 and 2011 in 4209 patients from 124 ICUs. ICU and patient characteristics, and interventions were recorded for 24 h of the study day, and outcomes(More)
OBJECTIVE To determine the relationship between birth weight and the anthropometric measurements of newborn to screen for low birth weight. METHODS 1,252 newborns have been enrolled in the study. The birth weight, mid-arm, head and chest circumferences were measured by standard techniques. RESULT The highest correlation of birth weight was found with(More)
CONTEXT Infectious complications of invasive procedures affect patient outcomes adversely. Choice of antiseptic solution at the time of insertion is one of the major factors affecting their incidence. AIMS This study was undertaken to compare efficacy of chlorhexidine 2% and povidone iodine 10% for skin disinfection prior to placement of epidural and(More)
The incidence of postoperative pharyngolaryngeal complications after laryngeal mask airway (LMA) insertion can be as high as 50 %. Over-inflation of the LMA cuff may be a causal factor. We conducted a single-centre parallel group randomised trial to determine whether maintaining LMA-ProSeal intra-cuff pressures below 60 cm H2O decreases postoperative(More)
OBJECTIVES Stroke volume variation and pulse pressure variation do not reliably predict fluid responsiveness during low tidal volume ventilation. We hypothesized that with transient increase in tidal volume from 6 to 8 mL/kg predicted body weight, that is, "tidal volume challenge," the changes in pulse pressure variation and stroke volume variation will(More)