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Prospectively collected data were analysed comparing 108 consecutive peritoneoscopically (n = 65) and surgically (n = 43) placed peritoneal dialysis catheters during a three-year period. Catheter-linked mechanical complications occurred more often in the peritoneoscopical group, and pericatheteral leakage ended in catheter loss in 13.8%. Overall probability(More)
Twelve patients (median age 44.5 years) on CAPD, who had previously used a dialysate calcium concentration of 1.75 mmol/l (for a median time of 11.5 months) were started on a low calcium dialysate (LCD) with a calcium concentration of 1.25 mmol/l and followed up for 24 weeks. During the first eight weeks, no changes in the doses of oral phosphate binders(More)
BACKGROUND A prerequisite to the technical success of chronic peritoneal dialysis is a functioning peritoneal catheter. The option of using Tenckhoff catheters with single or double Dacron cuffs has been available for almost 3 decades, but still there is no consensus as to which is the preferable type. METHOD Sixty consecutive patients requiring a(More)
OBJECTIVE To examine the impact of peritoneal catheter configuration on mechanical complications, catheter survival, probability of episodes of peritonitis, and probability of exit-site infections associated with the use of catheters for continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis (CAPD). DESIGN Prospective randomized trial. SETTING CAPD unit in one(More)
OBJECTIVE To examine the impact of peritoneal catheter configuration on mechanical complications, catheter survival, probability of episodes of peritonitis, and probability of exit-site infections associated with the use of catheters for continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis (CAPD). DESIGN Prospective randomized trial. SETTING CAPD unit in one(More)
Aim. The present study aims at exemplifying the incidence, and aetiology and analyses the outcomes of open reduction internal fixation (ORIF) over closed treatment of mandibular ramus fractures. Patients and Method. In the present retrospective analysis of mandibular fracture patients, variables analysed were age, sex, cause of injury, pretreatment(More)
Thirty-four patients on integrated double bag systems (IDBS) without disinfectants were compared with 33 patients on traditional single bag systems for incidence, probability of remaining free of peritonitis, type, and association of peritonitis (PE). In another 13 patients, the influence of a change in bag system was analyzed. On IDBS, the probability of(More)
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