Atta-Ur- Rahman

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Roots of Delphinium denudatum W. are used for the treatment of epilepsy by traditional healers in subcontinent. Aqueous fraction (AF) isolated from D. denudatum has previously shown significant anticonvulsant activity in in vivo and in vitro models of seizures. We investigated anticonvulsant effects of AF on pentylenetetrazole (PTZ) and bicuculline(More)
The microbial transformation of the 17alpha-ethynyl-17beta-hydroxyandrost-4-en-3-one (1) (ethisterone) and 17alpha-ethyl-17beta-hydroxyandrost-4-en-3-one (2) by the fungi Cephalosporium aphidicola and Cunninghamella elegans were investigated. Incubation of compound 1 with C. aphidicola afforded oxidized derivative,(More)
The effects were investigated of a partially purified subfraction (FS-1) isolated from Delphinium denudatum on sustained repetitive firing (SRF) of cultured neonatal rat hippocampal pyramidal neurons. The blockade of sustained repetitive firing is one of the basic mechanisms of antiepileptic drugs at the cellular level. Using the whole cell current-clamp(More)
Microbial transformation of 6-dehydroprogesterone (1) with Aspergillus niger yielded three new metabolites, including 6β-chloro-7α,11α-dihydroxypregna-4-ene-3,20-dione (2), 7α-chloro-6β,11α-dihydroxypregna-4-ene-3,20-dione (3), and 6α,7α-epoxy-11α-hydroxypregna-4-ene-3,20-dione (4), and two known metabolites; 6α,7α-epoxypregna-4-ene-3,20-dione (5), and(More)
Microbial transformation of the anti-inflammatory steroid medrysone (1) was carried out for the first time with the filamentous fungi Cunninghamella blakesleeana (ATCC 8688a), Neurospora crassa (ATCC 18419), and Rhizopus stolonifer (TSY 0471). The objective was to evaluate the anti-inflammatory potential of the substrate (1) and its metabolites. This(More)
Current models of memory storage recognize posttranslational modification vital for short-term and mRNA translation for long-lasting information storage. However, at the molecular level things are quite vague. A comprehensive review of the molecular basis of short and long-lasting synaptic plasticity literature leads us to propose that the hydrogen bonding(More)
Acute leukemia is a critical neoplasm of white blood cells. In order to differentiate between the metabolic alterations associated with two subtypes of acute leukemia, acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) and acute myeloid leukemia (AML), we investigated the serum of ALL and AML patients and compared with two controls (healthy and aplastic anemia) using (1)H(More)
Urease belongs to a family of highly conserved urea-hydrolyzing enzymes. A common feature of these enzymes is the presence of two Lewis acid nickel ions and reactive cysteine residue in the active sites. In the current study we examined a series of biscoumarins 1-10 for their mechanisms of inhibition with the nickel containing active sites of Jack bean and(More)
BACKGROUND Microbial transformation of steroids has been extensively used for the synthesis of steroidal drugs, that often yield novel analogues, not easy to obtain by chemical synthesis. We report here fungal transformation of a synthetic steroidal drug, exemestane, used for the treatment of breast cancer and function through inhibition of aromatase(More)
Here, we explore the mechanism of action of isoxylitone (ISOX), a molecule discovered in the plant Delphinium denudatum, which has been shown to have anticonvulsant properties. Patch-clamp electrophysiology assayed the activity of ISOX on voltage-gated sodium channels (VGSCs) in both cultured neurons and brain slices isolated from controls and rats with(More)