Atsuyuki Wada

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Rac is a small GTPase of the Rho family that mediates stimulus-induced actin cytoskeletal reorganization to generate lamellipodia. Little is known about the signalling pathways that link Rac activation to changes in actin filament dynamics. Cofilin is known to be a potent regulator of actin filament dynamics, and its ability to bind and depolymerize actin(More)
Actin is a highly conserved, ubiquitous cytoskeletal protein, which is essential for multiple cellular functions. Despite its small size (Mr = 42 000), unpolymerized forms of actin, as well as polymerized forms, exist primarily in the cytoplasm, excluded from the nucleus. Although spatial control of actin is crucially important, the molecular mechanisms(More)
The effects of carbachol, veratridine and high K on the influx of 22Na were investigated in relation to the influx of 45Ca and the secretion of catecholamines in cultured bovine adrenal medulla cells, in which stimulation of nicotinic but not muscarinic acetylcholine receptor causes the secretory response. (1) Carbachol caused a rapid influx of 22Na, influx(More)
OBJECTIVES We 1) evaluated whether interleukin-6 (IL-6) is produced in the peripheral circulation in patients with congestive heart failure (CHF), 2) estimated the factors for increased IL-6, and 3) clarified the prognostic role of high plasma levels of IL-6 in patients with CHF. BACKGROUND Although plasma levels of IL-6 have been reported to increase in(More)
M-phase-promoting factor (MPF), a complex of cdc2 and a B-type cyclin, is a key regulator of the G2/M cell cycle transition. Cyclin B1 accumulates in the cytoplasm through S and G2 phases and translocates to the nucleus during prophase. We show here that cytoplasmic localization of cyclin B1 during interphase is directed by its nuclear export signal(More)
The vacuolating cytotoxin VacA produced by Helicobacter pylori causes massive cellular vacuolation in vitro and gastric tissue damage in vivo, leading to gastric ulcers, when administered intragastrically. Here we report that mice deficient in protein tyrosine phosphatase receptor type Z (Ptprz, also called PTP-ζ or RPTP-β, encoded by Ptprz) do not show(More)
Treatment of cultured bovine adrenal chromaffin cells with 100 nM insulin raised [3H]saxitoxin ([3H]-STX) binding in a time-dependent manner (t1/2 = 26 h). Insulin (100 nM for 4 days) increased the Bmax of [3H]STX binding by 49% without changing the KD value and also augmented the maximal influx of 22Na+ due to 560 microM veratridine by 39% without altering(More)
Pulsed-field gel electrophoresis (PFGE) was applied for molecular typing of 825 enterohemorrhagic Escherichia coli (EHEC) O157:H7 isolates, most of which were from 19 outbreaks and 608 sporadic cases in Japan, mainly in May to August 1996. By PFGE, the EHEC O157:H7 isolates were classified into six types (type I to V and ND [nondescript]) and UT untypeable(More)
BACKGROUND Patients with congestive heart failure (CHF) have high plasma levels of atrial natriuretic peptide (ANP), mainly from the atrium, and brain natriuretic peptide (BNP), mainly from the ventricle. We examined the prognostic role of plasma BNP in chronic CHF patients in comparison with plasma ANP and other variables previously known to be associated(More)
Ribosome modulation factor (RMF) is a protein specifically associated with 100S ribosome dimers which start to accumulate in Escherichia coli cells upon growth transition from exponential to stationary phase. The structural gene, rmf, encoding the 55 amino acid residues RMF protein has been cloned from the 21.8 min region of the E. coli genome and(More)