Atsuyasu Sato

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Pulmonary surfactant levels within the alveoli are tightly regulated to maintain lung volumes and promote efficient gas exchange across the air/blood barrier. Quantitative and qualitative abnormalities in surfactant are associated with severe lung diseases in children and adults. Although the cellular and molecular mechanisms that control surfactant(More)
Thioredoxin-1 (TRX) is a small redox-active protein with antioxidative effects and redox-regulating functions. Cigarette smoking is a major etiological factor in the pathogenesis of a variety of diseases and recruits systemic immune and inflammatory responses. This report demonstrates that TRX attenuates the systemic inflammatory responses induced by(More)
Neurotropin, a nonprotein extract from inflamed rabbit skin inoculated with vaccinia virus, is well known as an analgesic drug, but its cytoprotective effects have not been explored. Because infection by viruses, such as human T-cell leukemia virus type I and Epstein-Barr virus, induces expression of the redox-regulating molecule, thioredoxin (TRX), we(More)
Abnormal enlargement of the alveolar spaces is a hallmark of conditions such as chronic obstructive pulmonary disease and bronchopulmonary dysplasia. Notch signaling is crucial for differentiation and regeneration and repair of the airway epithelium. However, how Notch influences the alveolar compartment and integrates this process with airway development(More)
Many transcription factors that regulate lung morphogenesis during development are reactivated to mediate repairs of the injured adult lung. We hypothesized that CCAAT/enhancer binding protein-α (C/EBPα), a transcription factor critical for perinatal lung maturation, regulates genes required for the normal repair of the bronchiolar epithelium after injury.(More)
BACKGROUND There is a need for agents that suppress inflammation and progression of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. p38 mitogen-activated protein kinase (p38 MAPK) has been associated with this disorder, and several inhibitors of this cascade are in clinical trials for its treatment, but their efficacy and utility are unknown. This study evaluated(More)
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is characterized by a mixture of emphysema and airway disease. The forced oscillation technique (FOT) has been applied to COPD patients to clarify changes in respiratory mechanics; dynamic changes in respiratory resistance (Rrs) during breathing (within-breath changes in Rrs, ΔRrs) are(More)
The airway epithelium acts as a frontline barrier against various environmental insults and its repair process after airway injury is critical for the lung homeostasis restoration. Recently, the role of intracellular reactive oxygen species (ROS) as transcription-independent damage signaling has been highlighted in the wound repair process. Both conditions(More)
RATIONALE Loss of skeletal muscle mass and physical inactivity are important manifestations of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), and both are closely related to poor prognoses in patients with COPD. Antigravity muscles are involved in maintaining normal posture and are prone to atrophy with inactivity. The erector spinae muscles (ESM) are one of(More)
INTRODUCTION Impaired coordination between breathing and swallowing (breathing-swallowing discoordination) may be a significant risk factor for the exacerbation of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). We examined breathing-swallowing discoordination in patients with COPD using a non-invasive and quantitative technique and determined its association(More)