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Recent immunocytochemical studies have demonstrated the existence of histaminergic neurons in the brain, which are concentrated in the tuberomammillary nucleus of the posterior hypothalamus, and which project efferent fibers to almost all parts of the brain. Three subtypes of histamine receptors are widely distributed in the brain, not only on neurons but(More)
Modafinil, (RS)-2-(Diphenylmethylsulfinyl)acetamide, is a well known wake promoting drug used for the treatment of narcolepsy. We investigated the effect of modafinil on the hypothalamic histamine release in the anesthetized rat using in vivo microdialysis. Modafinil (150 mg/kg, i.p.) increased histamine release by 150% of the basal release. The(More)
Studies on the morphological distribution of histamine (HA)-secreting neurons and their hypothalamic projections suggest that HA may play a key role in regulating neuroendocrine functions, some of which have been recently elucidated. To investigate possible interactions between the somatotropinergic and histaminergic systems in the brain, the effects of(More)
The contents of histamine in various tissues of mutant mice deficient in mast cells (W/Wv) and in congenic normal mice (+/+) were determined by high-performance liquid chromatography and were compared. In spite of the absence of mast cells in W/Wv mice, the histamine content of their whole bodies was about 5-10% of that of +/+ mice. The skin, heart and(More)
Hochu-ekki-to is a traditional herbal (Kampo) medicine that has been shown to be effective for patients with Kikyo (delicate, easily fatigable, or hypersensitive) constitution. Previous case reports have suggested that this herbal drug was effective for a certain subgroup of patients with atopic dermatitis (AD). We aimed to evaluate the efficacy and safety(More)
Modafinil is a wake-promoting drug used for the treatment of excessive daytime sleepiness due to narcolepsy as well as excessive sleepiness associated with obstructive sleep apnea and shift work disorder. Although the wake-promoting effect of modafinil is expressed through the dopaminergic and the norepinephrinergic systems similar to that of classical(More)
A considerable number of neuropeptides are involved in the hypothalamic regulation of feeding behavior. We previously reported that leptin, the ob gene product, expressed its anorectic effect though the histaminergic system via histamine H(1) receptors. However, the interactions among the orexigenic neuropeptides, such as orexin-A, neuropeptide Y (NPY), and(More)
INTRODUCTION We have reported that pica, kaolin ingestion behavior, correlates with nausea and vomiting in rats and the amount of kaolin intake is related to the severity of symptoms. However, the time course of the behavior is still unclear, because kaolin intake has been measured 24h after administration of an emetic stimulus. It is quite difficult and(More)