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Recent immunocytochemical studies have demonstrated the existence of histaminergic neurons in the brain, which are concentrated in the tuberomammillary nucleus of the posterior hypothalamus, and which project efferent fibers to almost all parts of the brain. Three subtypes of histamine receptors are widely distributed in the brain, not only on neurons but(More)
Studies on the morphological distribution of histamine (HA)-secreting neurons and their hypothalamic projections suggest that HA may play a key role in regulating neuroendocrine functions, some of which have been recently elucidated. To investigate possible interactions between the somatotropinergic and histaminergic systems in the brain, the effects of(More)
Modafinil, (RS)-2-(Diphenylmethylsulfinyl)acetamide, is a well known wake promoting drug used for the treatment of narcolepsy. We investigated the effect of modafinil on the hypothalamic histamine release in the anesthetized rat using in vivo microdialysis. Modafinil (150 mg/kg, i.p.) increased histamine release by 150% of the basal release. The(More)
Histaminergic fibers in the mesencephalic nucleus of the trigeminal nerve of Long-Evans rats were examined by light and electron microscopy after peroxidase-antiperoxidase immunocytochemical staining for histidine decarboxylase (HDC) as a marker. By light microscopy, neurons in the mesencephalic nucleus of the trigeminal nerve were seen to be surrounded by(More)
Modafinil is a wake-promoting drug used for the treatment of excessive daytime sleepiness due to narcolepsy as well as excessive sleepiness associated with obstructive sleep apnea and shift work disorder. Although the wake-promoting effect of modafinil is expressed through the dopaminergic and the norepinephrinergic systems similar to that of classical(More)
Food intake is regulated by many endogenous substances, such as peptides and neurotransmitters in the central nervous system. Based on the clinical observation that some antidepressants and antipsychotics with antihistaminic activity stimulate food intake and increase body weight, histamine has been thought to be an anorectic agent. Several lines of(More)
Hochu-ekki-to is a traditional herbal (Kampo) medicine that has been shown to be effective for patients with Kikyo (delicate, easily fatigable, or hypersensitive) constitution. Previous case reports have suggested that this herbal drug was effective for a certain subgroup of patients with atopic dermatitis (AD). We aimed to evaluate the efficacy and safety(More)
Using an in vivo intracerebral microdialysis method coupled with an HPLC-fluorometric method, we investigated the extracellular level of endogenous histamine in the anterior hypothalamic area of urethane-anaesthetized rats. The basal rate of release of endogenous histamine in the anterior hypothalamic area measured by this method was 0.09 +/- 0.01 pmol/20(More)
We investigated the brain penetration of the histamine H3 receptor antagonists thioperamide and clobenpropit using ex vivo [125I]iodophenpropit binding. Homogenates of the rat cortex, striatum and mouse whole brain were prepared 1 h after subcutaneous injection of the H3 antagonists and incubated with [125I]iodophenpropit, a radiolabeled H3 receptor(More)