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It has been thought that the lunar highland crust was formed by the crystallization and floatation of plagioclase from a global magma ocean, although the actual generation mechanisms are still debated. The composition of the lunar highland crust is therefore important for understanding the formation of such a magma ocean and the subsequent evolution of the(More)
Lysenin, a novel 41-kDa protein purified from coelomic fluid of the earthworm Eisenia foetida, induced erythrocyte lysis. Preincubation of lysenin with vesicles containing sphingomyelin inhibited lysenin-induced hemolysis completely, whereas vesicles containing phospholipids other than sphingomyelin showed no inhibitory activity, suggesting that lysenin(More)
Ro09-0198 is a tetracyclic polypeptide of 19 amino acids that recognizes strictly the structure of phosphatidylethanolamine (PE) and forms a tight equimolar complex with PE on biological membranes. Using the cyclic peptide coupled with fluorescence-labeled streptavidin, we have analyzed the cell surface localization of PE in dividing Chinese hamster ovary(More)
Lysenin, a hemolytic protein derived from the earthworm Eisenia foetida, has a high affinity for sphingomyelin. Chinese hamster ovary (CHO) cells exhibited a high cytolytic sensitivity to lysenin, but treatment with sphingomyelinase rendered the cells resistant to lysenin. Temperature-sensitive CHO mutant cells defective in sphingolipid synthesis were(More)
We determined model ages of mare deposits on the farside of the Moon on the basis of the crater frequency distributions in 10-meter-resolution images obtained by the Terrain Camera on SELENE (Selenological and Engineering Explorer) (Kaguya). Most mare volcanism that formed mare deposits on the lunar farside ceased at approximately 3.0 billion years ago,(More)
A monoclonal anti-idiotypic antibody, Id8F7, previously shown to bind to a phosphatidylserine (PS)-specific binding site on protein kinase C (PKC) has been used to identify a 12-amino acid consensus sequence shared by PKC and phosphatidylserine decarboxylase (PSD). The 14-amino acid synthetic peptide derived from the corresponding region of PSD (amino acids(More)
We have investigated the relationship between the developmental expression of sphingomyelin, a major component of myelin, and oligodendrocyte lineage. Using lysenin as a cytochemical probe for membrane sphingomyelin, we have now determined the distribution pattern of sphingomyelin on the plasma membrane of rat cultured oligodendrocytes. Although lysenin(More)
Observations of the subsurface geology of the Moon help advance our understanding of lunar origin and evolution. Radar sounding from the Kaguya spacecraft has revealed subsurface layers at an apparent depth of several hundred meters in nearside maria. Comparison with the surface geology in the Serenitatis basin implies that the prominent echoes are probably(More)
The inside of Shackleton Crater at the lunar south pole is permanently shadowed; it has been inferred to hold water-ice deposits. The Terrain Camera (TC), a 10-meter-resolution stereo camera onboard the Selenological and Engineering Explorer (SELENE) spacecraft, succeeded in imaging the inside of the crater, which was faintly lit by sunlight scattered from(More)