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Balancing intake of diverse nutrients is important for organismal growth, reproduction, and survival. A shift in an organism's optimal diet due to changes in nutritional requirements after developmental or environmental changes is referred to as dietary switch and has been observed in several species. Here we demonstrate that female Drosophila melanogaster(More)
Several myelin-associated proteins in the central nervous system (CNS) have been identified as inhibitors of axonal regeneration following the injury of the adult vertebrate CNS. Among these inhibitors, myelin-associated glycoprotein (MAG), Nogo, and oligodendrocyte-myelin glycoprotein (OMgp) are well characterized. Recently, the repulsive guidance molecule(More)
One of the most striking features of neurons in the mature peripheral nervous system is their ability to survive and to regenerate their axons following axonal injury. To perform a comprehensive survey of the molecular mechanisms that underlie peripheral nerve regeneration, we analyzed a cDNA library derived from the distal stumps of post-injured sciatic(More)
Rho-kinase (ROCK) is a serine/threonine kinase and one of the major downstream effectors of the small GTPase Rho. The Rho-ROCK pathway is involved in many aspects of neuronal functions including neurite outgrowth and retraction. The Rho-ROCK pathway becomes an attractive target for the development of drugs for treating central nervous system (CNS)(More)
Fused in sarcoma/translocated in liposarcoma (FUS/TLS) is one of causative genes for familial amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS). In order to identify binding partners for FUS/TLS, we performed a yeast two-hybrid screening and found that protein arginine methyltransferase 1 (PRMT1) is one of binding partners primarily in the nucleus. In vitro and in vivo(More)
Application of differential display to cultured rat astrocytes subjected to hypoxia allowed cloning of a novel cDNA, termed stress-associated endoplasmic reticulum protein 1 (SERP1). Expression of SERP1 was enhanced in vitro by hypoxia and/or reoxygenation or other forms of stress, causing accumulation of unfolded proteins in endoplasmic reticulum (ER)(More)
Although myelin-associated neurite outgrowth inhibitors express their effects through RhoA/Rho-kinase, the downstream targets of Rho-kinase remain unknown. We examined the involvement of myosin II, which is one of the downstream targets of Rho-kinase, by using blebbistatin - a specific myosin II inhibitor - and small interfering RNA targeting two myosin II(More)
The rat homologue of a mitochondrial ATP-dependent protease Lon was cloned from cultured astrocytes exposed to hypoxia. Expression of Lon was enhanced in vitro by hypoxia or ER stress, and in vivo by brain ischemia. These observations suggested that changes in nuclear gene expression (Lon) triggered by ER stress had the potential to impact important(More)
Inhibitory molecules associated with myelin and glial scar formation inhibit axon regeneration after an injury to the central nervous system (CNS). Chondroitin sulfate proteoglycans (CSPGs) that are expressed in the scar contribute to the non-permissive properties of the CNS environment. Here, we employed a spot substrate assay and demonstrated that CSPGs(More)
The tricarboxylate carrier protein catalyzes an electroneutral exchange across the mitochondrial inner membrane of tricarboxylate, dicarboxylate or phosphoenolpyruvate. We examined expression and localization of mitochondrial tricarboxylate carrier TCC mRNA and protein in the rat brain. TCC mRNA was ubiquitously expressed in all rat tissues examined and was(More)