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Chitosanases 33 kDa and 40 kDa in size were detected in the culture supernatant of Bacillus circulans WL-12. One of the two chitosanases, chitosanse 40 (40-kDa chitosanase) has been shown to be identical to the enzyme which has been reported previously as a beta-1,3-1,4-glucanase by Bueno et al. The enzyme has been classified into family 8 glycosyl(More)
We report the case of a boy with a de novo partial monosomy 16p13-pter and partial trisomy 16q22-qter detected by fluorescence in situ hybridization using subtelomeric probes for 16p and 16q. The boy had facial characteristics, skeletal features, congenital heart defects, an imperforate anus, urogenital malformations, pre/postnatal growth retardation, and(More)
BACKGROUND Although medical care for very-low-birth-weight (VLBW) infants has improved over time, it is unclear how this has affected mortality and morbidity. To characterize these trends, a network database was analyzed. METHODS This is a cohort study of VLBW infants born from 2003 through 2008. RESULTS Over the 6-y period, 19,344 infants were(More)
From 65 reported cases of medium chain acyl-CoA dehydrogenase deficiency, we found an average presenting age of 13.5 months and a mean age at death of 18.5 months. One quarter of patients died of a Reye-like syndrome and/or sudden infant death. In half the cases there had been at least one sibling death. Asymptomatic cases were not uncommon (12% of cases).(More)
A recent survey found that approximately 4% of very low birth weight infants in Japan were treated with glucocorticoids postnatally for circulatory collapse thought to be caused by late-onset adrenal insufficiency. We identified 11 preterm infants with clinical signs compatible with this diagnosis (hypotension, oliguria, hyponatremia, lung edema, and(More)
BACKGROUND This study evaluated the benefit of Bifidobacterium bifidum OLB6378 (B. bifidum) in very low-birthweight (VLBW) infants (birthweight <1500 g) for the acceleration of enteral feeding. METHODS A cluster-randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial was conducted in 19 hospitals, divided into two groups: the B group (n = 10 hospitals; B.(More)
Enzymatic ligation methods are useful in the diagnostic detection of DNA sequences. Here, we describe the investigation of nonenzymatic phosphorothioate--iodoacetyl DNA chemical ligation as a method for the detection and identification of RNA and DNA. The specificity of ligation on the DNA target is shown to allow the discrimination of a single point(More)
The aim of this study was to clarify the effects of gestational age and birth weight on outcomes of the infants. Medical records of 36 infants with trisomy 18 admitted to Tokyo Women's Medical University Hospital from 1991 to 2012 were reviewed retrospectively. We compared clinical characteristics between term infants (n = 15) and preterm infants (n = 21).(More)
Neonatal disseminated herpes simplex virus (HSV) infection with acute liver failure (ALF) and neonatal hemophagocytic lymphohistiocytosis (HLH) are severe diseases. We recently experienced a male infant with HLH and ALF induced by HSV type 1 (HSV-1). The infant, born at 39 weeks of gestation by normal delivery, developed a fever on day 4. On day 9,(More)