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Cortical areas related to the information processing of binocular disparity-defined geometrical features of a surface, such as depth, orientation and shape are examined by functional magnetic resonance imaging while subjects discriminated these three types of geometrical feature in random dot stereograms. Results indicate that disparity-defined information(More)
Human memory systems contain self-monitoring mechanisms for evaluating their progress. People can change their learning strategy on the basis of confidence in their performance at that time. However, it has not been fully understood how the brain is engaged in reliable rating of confidence in past recognition memory performance. We measured the brain(More)
We examined the temporal characteristics of facial-emotion processing. The stimuli were several morphed images containing seven facial emotions (neutral, anger, happiness, disgust, sadness, surprise, and fear) and ten-graded intensity levels to parametrically control these aspects of facial emotions. Brain activity was recorded with electroencephalography(More)
Using colored inducing patterns presented as increments upon a white uniform background, the increment thresholds needed for illusory contour perception were measured as a function of the wavelength of inducing pattern. The spectral sensitivity functions were obtained with varying adaptation level and stimulus configuration, high and low background(More)
Common marmosets have been used extensively in biomedical research and the recent advent of techniques to generate transgenic marmosets has accelerated the use of this model. New methods that efficiently assess the degree of cognitive function in common marmosets are needed in order to establish their suitability as non-human primate models of higher brain(More)
Long range apparent motion (AM) between two isolated stimuli breaks down following prolonged inspection. Time-till-breakdown (TTB) for AM between random-dot squares (red or green) on a red random-dot background was measured as a function of luminance contrast of the stimuli against the background. For the same-color (red squares on the red background) and(More)
Detailed information about the characteristics of learning behavior in marmosets is useful for future marmoset research. We trained 42 marmosets in visual discrimination and reversal learning. All marmosets could learn visual discrimination, and all but one could complete reversal learning, though some marmosets failed to touch the visual stimuli and were(More)
We investigated the characteristics of serial order learning in common marmosets (Callithrix jacchus). Five marmosets were trained in a sequential responding task in which they were required to touch four graphic patterns in a given order (A→B→C→D) to obtain a reward. All five marmosets learned the task with over 65% accuracy. Shuffling the positions of B,(More)