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BACKGROUND Chronic hepatitis C (CH) can develop into liver cirrhosis (LC) and hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). Liver fibrosis and HCC development are strongly correlated, but there is no effective treatment against fibrosis because the critical mechanism of progression of liver fibrosis is not fully understood. microRNAs (miRNAs) are now essential to the(More)
BACKGROUND Advanced-stage ovarian cancer patients are generally treated with platinum/taxane-based chemotherapy after primary debulking surgery. However, there is a wide range of outcomes for individual patients. Therefore, the clinicopathological factors alone are insufficient for predicting prognosis. Our aim is to identify a progression-free survival(More)
BACKGROUND With improvements in genotyping technologies, genome-wide association studies with hundreds of thousands of SNPs allow the identification of candidate genetic loci for multifactorial diseases in different populations. However, genotyping errors caused by genotyping platforms or genotype calling algorithms may lead to inflation of false(More)
BACKGROUND HCV infection frequently induces chronic liver diseases. The current standard treatment for chronic hepatitis (CH) C combines pegylated interferon (IFN) and ribavirin, and is less than ideal due to undesirable effects. MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are endogenous small non-coding RNAs that control gene expression by degrading or suppressing the translation(More)
Numb and its homologue, Numb-like (Numbl), play important roles in mammalian development, but their role in embryonic development of lower vertebrates remains unknown. We cloned a zebrafish numb homologue (znumb) by searching database. znumb shows approximately 60% identity with mammalian Numb orthologs. Interstingly, znumb lacks two specific sequence(More)
Saccular intracranial aneurysms are balloon-like dilations of the intracranial arterial wall; their hemorrhage commonly results in severe neurologic impairment and death. We report a second genome-wide association study with discovery and replication cohorts from Europe and Japan comprising 5,891 cases and 14,181 controls with approximately 832,000(More)
Two patients with complete absence of light perception due to optic nerve compression were treated by decompressive procedures. Visual function progressively improved to the level of useful vision. A 42-year-old female with a partially thrombosed aneurysm in the right A1 of the anterior cerebral artery presented with right visual loss without light(More)
Schizophrenia (SCZ) is a complex psychiatric disease with a lifetime morbidity rate of 0.5–1.0 %. To date, aberrant DNA methylation in SCZ has been reported in several studies. However, no comprehensive studies using medication-free subjects with SCZ have been conducted. In addition, most of these studies have been limited to the analysis of the CpG sites(More)
Blastocyst MHC is a recently identified mouse MHC class Ib gene, which is selectively expressed in blastocyst and placenta, and may be the mouse homolog of HLA-G gene the products of which have been implicated in protection of fetal trophoblasts from maternal NK cells and evasion of some tumor cells from NK cell attack. In this study, we identified two(More)
We investigated characteristics of germline copy number variations (CNV) in BRCA1-associated ovarian cancer patients by comparing them to CNVs present in sporadic ovarian cancer patients. Germline CNVs in 51 BRCA1-associated, 33 sporadic ovarian cancer patients, and 47 healthy women were analyzed by both signal intensity and genotyping data using the(More)