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Mesenchymal stem cells (MSC) that can differentiate to various connective tissue cells may be useful for autologous cell transplantation to defects of bone, cartilage, and tendon, if MSC can be expanded in vitro. However, a short life span of MSC and a reduction in their differentiation potential in culture have limited their clinical application. The(More)
The mechanisms by which the early limb cell condensations and interzone mesenchyme give rise to skeletal elements and joints are poorly understood. Previous work from this laboratory has shown that the extracellular matrix protein tenascin-C is associated with articular cartilage and joint tissue development; others have shown that tenascin-C may exert its(More)
BACKGROUND In this study we investigated whether an Internet-based computerized cognitive behavioral therapy (iCBT) program can decrease the risk of DSM-IV-TR major depressive episodes (MDE) during a 12-month follow-up of a randomized controlled trial of Japanese workers. METHOD Participants were recruited from one company and three departments of another(More)
As a means of improving the biological properties of materials for use as bone substitutes, functionally graded carbonate apatite containing Mg, FGMgCO3Ap, was synthesized at 60 degrees C and pH 7.4 using a gradient magnesium supply system. X-ray diffraction analysis of FGMgCO3Ap showed a poorly crystallized apatitic pattern, similar to that of human bone.(More)
Periodontal ligament (PDL) cells have osteoblast-like features and are capable of differentiating into osteogenic cells. As human osteoblasts express oestrogen receptor mRNA, it is possible that PDL cells do so also, but findings have been conflicting. To determine whether they do express oestrogen receptor mRNA, the reverse transcriptase-polymerase chain(More)
Basic fibroblast growth factor (bFGF) stimulates proliferation of chondrocytes and their extracellular matrix synthesis but inhibits terminal differentiation to hypertrophic cells (Kato, Y., and Iwamoto, M., (1990) J. Biol. Chem. 265, 5903-5909). In the present study, we examined changes in bFGF binding during chondrocyte cytodifferentiation. In cultures of(More)
The effect of PTH on chondrocyte proliferation as a function of cartilage age was examined. PTH[1-34] induced a 12- to 15-fold increase in the efficiency of colony formation in soft agar by chondrocytes from embryonic 13- to 19-d-old chickens and fetal 25-d-old rabbits with a 10-fold increase in their DNA content. It also caused a 2.5-fold increase in(More)
The development of cartilaginous elements of long bone during embryogenesis and postnatal bone repair processes is a complex process that involves skeletal cells and surrounding mesenchymal periosteal cells. Relatively little is known of the mechanisms underlying these processes. Previous studies from this and other laboratories have suggested that the(More)
During endochondral ossification, chondrocytes progress through several stages of maturation before they are replaced by bone cells. Chondrocyte proliferation, the first step in this complex multistage process, is strictly controlled both spatially and temporally but its underlying mechanisms of regulation remain unclear. In this study we asked whether(More)
The effects of vitamin D metabolites on alkaline phosphatase [ALPase; orthophosphoric-monoester phosphohydrolase (alkaline optimum), EC 3.1.3.1] activity, a marker of terminal differentiation, in chondrocyte cultures and growth plates in vivo were examined. In cultures of pelleted rabbit growth-plate chondrocytes, 1,25-dihydroxycholecalciferol(More)