Atsushi Sekine

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Evoked cortical responses to two kinds of auditory stimuli (rare and frequent) were analyzed to determine whether or not a K-complex evoked in stage 2 of NREM sleep is accompanied by some endogenous cognitive components of the event-related potential. All the 7 subjects examined in this sleep state failed to provide the correct behavioral response to(More)
Whether elderly people suffer from age-related changes in pharmacokinetics and/or pharmacodynamics with administration of benzodiazepines is still a matter of controversy. We investigated the course of brain function and thermoregulation after oral administration of a standard benzodiazepine, diazepam (DZP), in 8 healthy young men (mean age, 19.8 years;(More)
Bilateral independent periodic lateralized epileptiform discharges (BIPLEDs) usually appear transiently in patients with severe disturbances of consciousness and are indicative of a poor prognosis. Recurrent BIPLEDs have not previously been reported in the literature. We report a 64-year-old patient with bilateral hippocampal lesions (cerebral infarction)(More)
The present study examined the nature of the negative shift of event-related potential (ERP) recorded during the fully awake state, wakefulness with minor awareness deficit (light drowsiness) and stage 1 of NREM sleep. The cortical responses evoked by two types of auditory stimuli were recorded in nine subjects at the different levels of consciousness(More)
In 10 of 12 subjects examined, the amplitude of N300, a component of the cortical auditory evoked potential, was evidently smaller in rapid eye movement (REM) sleep than in non-REM sleep. The start of the reduction associated with the onset of the first episode of REM sleep was examined in these 10 subjects. In five of these, a marked reduction of N300(More)
Behavior of event related potential (ERP) components in the drowsy state was examined in nine subjects using oddball paradigm. A component with peak latency of 300 msec, N300, was superimposed on ERP in the drowsy state. N300 appeared also in stage 1 of NREM sleep and closely resembled vertex sharp wave evoked by sound stimulation in both scalp distribution(More)
OBJECTIVE To evaluate the effects of hippocampal damages on P300 of event-related potentials (ERPs). METHODS ERPs were recorded over about 8 months using the auditory oddball paradigm in a patient with bilateral hippocampal lesions confirmed on brain magnetic resonance imaging. Findings were compared with those from clinical electroencephalography(More)
N300 appearing in response to sound stimulus was used as an index to determine the occurrence of cortical activity characterizing REM sleep. In 5/10 subjects, marked reduction of N300 amplitude occurred even in the period of 0.5-2.5 min immediately preceding the appearance of muscle atonia characterizing REM sleep. Neither muscle atonia nor rapid eye(More)
In spite of the accumulation of knowledge regarding the neuropharmacological action of benzodiazepines (Bz), the physiological process by which their sedative/hypnotic effects are induced remains poorly understood. We conducted a single-blind, crossover trial to evaluate the role of the thermoregulatory process in sleepiness and impaired psychomotor(More)
Comparison of the architecture around the active site of soybean beta-amylase and Bacillus cereus beta-amylase showed that the hydrogen bond networks (Glu380-(Lys295-Met51) and Glu380-Asn340-Glu178) in soybean beta-amylase around the base catalytic residue, Glu380, seem to contribute to the lower pH optimum of soybean beta-amylase. To convert the pH optimum(More)