Atsushi Okazawa

Learn More
Chlorophyllase (Chlase) catalyzes the initial step of chlorophyll (Chl)-degradation, but the physiological significance of this reaction is still ambiguous. Common understanding of its role is that Chlase is involved in de-greening processes such as fruit ripening, leaf senescence, and flowering. But there is a possibility that Chlase is also involved in(More)
Autumnal tints are one of the most fascinating natural phenomena, but the molecular mechanism of chlorophyll (Chl-)degradation in deciduous trees has not been fully understood. In this study, from the leaves of Ginkgo biloba, chlorophyllase-homologous GbCLH was cloned by RT-PCR with degenerated primers. The expression of GbCLH in different yellowing stages(More)
In recent plant hormone research, there is an increased demand for a highly sensitive and comprehensive analytical approach to elucidate the hormonal signaling networks, functions, and dynamics. We have demonstrated the high sensitivity of a comprehensive and quantitative analytical method developed with nanoflow liquid chromatography-electrospray(More)
8-Epi-prostaglandin F2alpha (8-epi-PGF2alpha) is an F2-isoprostane formed mainly via noncyclooxygenase pathways in vivo. We investigated whether 8-epi-PGF2alpha has any effect on airflow obstruction and plasma exudation in vivo. Airflow obstruction was quantified by measuring lung resistance (RL) in anesthetized and ventilated guinea pigs, and plasma(More)
Carnivorous plants acquire substantial amounts of nitrogen from insects. The tropical carnivorous plant Nepenthes produces trapping organs called pitchers at the tips of tendrils elongated from leaf ends. Acidic fluid is secreted at the bottoms of the pitchers. The pitcher fluid includes several hydrolytic enzymes, and some, such as aspartic proteinase, are(More)
Heterometallic coordination compounds [Cu(II)(L)(C(3)H(6)O)Ln(III)(NO(3))(3)] and [V(IV)O(L)(C(3)H(6)O)Ln(III)(NO(3))(3)] (abbreviated as LnCu and LnV, respectively; H(2)L = N,N'-bis(3-methoxysalicylidene)-1,3-diamino-2,2-dimethylpropane; Ln = Gd, Tb, Dy, Ho, and Er) were synthesized, and the X-ray crystallographic analysis shows that their structures are(More)
Exchange couplings in isomorphous [LnCu(2)] were evaluated by high-frequency electron paramagnetic resonance and magnetization studies. The exchange parameter J(Ln-Cu) was decreased with an increase in the atomic number; J(Ln-Cu)/k(B) = 4.45(11), 2.27(6), 0.902(10), 0.334(3), and 0.136(8) K for Ln = Gd, Tb, Dy, Ho, and Er, respectively.
N-Glycosylation is an important post-translational modification that occurs in many secreted and membrane proteins in eukaryotic cells. Golgi alpha-mannosidase I hydrolases (MANI) are key enzymes that play a role in the early N-glycan modification pathway in the Golgi apparatus. In Arabidopsis thaliana, two putative MANI genes, AtMANIa (At3g21160) and(More)
Lignans are a large class of secondary metabolites in plants, with numerous biological effects in mammals, including antitumor and antioxidant activities. Sesamin, the most abundant furofuran-class lignan in sesame seeds (Sesamum plants), is produced by the cytochrome P450 enzyme CYP81Q1 from the precursor lignan, pinoresinol. In contrast, Forsythia plants(More)
In this study, metabolite profiling was demonstrated as a useful tool to plot a specific metabolic pathway, which is regulated by phytochrome A (phyA). Etiolated Arabidopsis wild-type (WT) and phyA mutant seedlings were irradiated with either far-red light (FR) or white light (W). Primary metabolites of the irradiated seedlings were profiled by gas(More)