Atsushi Okamoto

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Evidence has accumulated indicating that only a minority of cancer cells with stem cell properties, cancer stem cells (CSCs), are responsible for maintenance and growth of the tumor. CD44 is currently used to identify CSCs as one of the cell surface markers for solid tumors. Here we report the identification, expansion, and characterization of CD44+ cancer(More)
OBJECTIVE To evaluate the benefits in video-assisted submandibular sialadenectomy by using an ultrasonically activated scalpel (HS: Harmonic Scalpel(R), Ethicon, Somerville, NJ) and a special handmade lifting device. METHODS The study cohort consisted of four male patients. We considered that the intraglandular part sialolithiasis of the submandibular(More)
TNF-like weak inducer of apoptosis (TWEAK), a member of the tumor necrosis factor (TNF) family, is a multifunctional cytokine that regulates cellular proliferation, angiogenesis, inflammation, and apoptosis. In this study, we investigated the effect of TWEAK on human bronchial epithelial cells. A human bronchial epithelial cell line, BEAS2B, expressed a(More)
The effect in mice of the molecular weight of polyethyleneglycol on prolonging the circulation time of large unilamellar liposomes (LUVs) was examined using four different distearoyl N-(monomethoxy polyethyleneglycol succinyl) phosphatidylethanolamines (DSPE-PEGs). The molecular weights tested were 1000, 2000, 5000 and 12000. Incorporation of 6 mol% of(More)
BACKGROUND CD44 was identified previously as a surface marker in cancer stem cells (CSCs) of head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC). Most cancer treatments have been linked to the activation of the apoptosis-signaling pathway; however, the resistance mechanisms to apoptosis in CSCs have not yet been fully elucidated. METHODS The sensitivity of(More)
Satellite line scanner imagery such as that of SPOT and MOMS-02 is usually analysed via a collinearity equation approach based on projective transformation. This paper discusses the application of an alternative approach to the triangulation of satellite line scanner imagery, namely affine projection. The approach involves an initial transformation of the(More)
The effect of poly(ethylene glycol) (PEG) on the circulation time of liposomes in mice was examined by employing amphipathic PEGs (phosphatidylethanolamine (PE) derivatives of PEG) with average molecular weights of 1000, 2000, 5000 and 12,000. The activity of dioleoyl phosphatidylethanolamine-PEG (DOPE-PEG) in prolonging the circulation time of egg(More)
The presence of micronuclei in mammalian cells is related to several mutagenetic stresses. In order to understand how micronuclei emerge, behave in cells, and affect cell fate, we performed extensive time-lapse microscopy of HeLa H2B-GFP cells in the presence of hydroxyurea at low concentration. Micronuclei formed after mitosis from lagging chromatids or(More)
OBJECTIVE To evaluate the clinical results of radiotherapy (RT) for patients with regionally localized hormone-refractory prostate carcinoma (HRPC). PATIENTS AND METHODS As part of a Patterns of Care Study in Japan, a nationwide survey was conducted of RT for patients with prostate adenocarcinoma. We reviewed the detailed information of 140 patients with(More)
Epithelial morphogenesis is supported by diffusible growth factors and by nondiffusible cell substrata, such as laminin and fibronectin. When embedded in a laminin-rich basement-membrane substratum, embryonic mouse submandibular epithelium undergoes cell proliferation and branching morphogenesis in response to epidermal growth factor (EGF) in(More)