Atsushi Okada

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The aims of the present study were to elucidate a possible mechanism of kidney crystal formation by using a metabolic syndrome (MetS) mouse model and to assess the effectiveness of adiponectin treatment for the prevention of kidney crystals. Further, we performed genome-wide expression analyses for investigating novel genetic environmental changes.(More)
Phytoalexins are specialised antimicrobial metabolites that are produced by plants in response to pathogen attack. Momilactones and phytocassanes are the major diterpenoid phytoalexins in rice and are synthesised from geranylgeranyl diphosphate, which is derived from the methylerythritol phosphate (MEP) pathway. The hyperaccumulation of momilactones and(More)
PURPOSE The purpose of this study was to evaluate the efficacy of retroperitoneal laparoscopic ureterolithotomy for the management of large proximal ureteric stones and the impact of this treatment on postoperative renal function. METHODS The data of 12 patients (7 men and 5 women; mean age, 68.5 ± 8.9 years) with large pyeloureteral junction (2 cases)(More)
Calcific myonecrosis is a rare posttraumatic complication characterized by the replacement of muscles of one or more compartments with central liquefaction and peripheral calcification. We report magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and CT imaging features of calcific myonecrosis arising 43 years after trauma. A 62-year-old man presented with a slowly enlarging(More)
Delayed radiation myelopathy (DRM) is a rare disorder that rapidly leads to disabilities, and the median incubation period was reported to be about 2 years (from 6 months to a few years). In this report, we describe a 61-year-old woman who presented with rapid progressive numbness and weakness in both legs 22 months after palliative radiation therapy with(More)
BACKGROUND Circulating polyunsaturated fatty acid (PUFA) levels are associated with clinical outcomes in cardiovascular diseases including coronary artery disease and chronic heart failure (HF). However, their clinical implications in acute decompensated HF (ADHF) remain unclear. The aim of this study was to investigate the clinical roles of circulating(More)
The xeroderma pigmentosum group C (XPC) gene plays a significant role in DNA damage recognition during nucleotide excision repair process. Polymorphisms of the XPC gene have been analyzed in numerous case-control studies to evaluate bladder cancer risk attributed to XPC genetic variation; however, published data on the association between XPC rs2228001 A/C(More)
In Escherichia coli, nagD, yrfG, yjjG, yieH, yigL, surE, and yfbR encode 5′-nucleotidases that hydrolyze the phosphate group of 5′-nucleotides. In Bacillus subtilis, genes encoding 5′-nucleotidase have remained to be identified. We found that B. subtilis ycsE, araL, yutF, ysaA, and yqeG show suggestive similarities to nagD. Here, we expressed them in E.(More)
In our previous report, M2-macrophage (Mφs) deficient mice showed increased renal calcium oxalate (CaOx) crystal formation; however, the role of Mφs-related-cytokines and chemokines that affect kidney stone formation remains unknown. Here, we investigated the role of M1/M2s in crystal development by using in vitro and in vivo approaches. The crystal(More)
Peroxisome proliferator-activated receptors (PPARs) and related inflammatory and oxidative molecule expression were investigated in a hyperoxaluric rodent model to evaluate the in vivo efficacy of PPAR agonists in preventing renal crystal formation. PPAR expression was examined in a mouse hyperoxaluria kidney stone model induced by daily intra-abdominal(More)