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From breast cancer cDNA libraries, we have cloned cDNAs that proved to correspond to the membrane-type matrix metalloproteinase (MT-MMP) recently identified in human placenta and proposed to be an activator of progelatinase A [Sato, H., Takino, T., Okada, Y., Cao, J., Shinagawa, A., Yamamoto, E. & Seiki, M. (1994) Nature (London) 370, 61-65]. Using one of(More)
Among the five membrane-type matrix metalloproteinases (MT-MMPs), MT1-, MT2-, MT3-, and MT5-MMPs have about a 20-amino acid cytoplasmic tail following the transmembrane domain. In contrast, a putative transmembrane domain of MT4-MMP locates at the very C-terminal end, and the expected cytoplasmic tail is very short or nonexistent. Such sequences often act(More)
BACKGROUND During ICSI, we occasionally observe pronucleus sized translucent vacuoles. We investigated why these vacuoles occur and determined the effect on pregnancy outcome. METHODS Translucent vacuole-positive oocytes and the corresponding cohort were examined by transmission electron microscopy (TEM) and histochemical staining with DiI and ER-Tracker.(More)
We present an analysis of atmospheric neutrino data from a 33.0 kiloton-year (535-day) exposure of the Super{Kamiokande detector. The data exhibit a zenith angle dependent decit of muon neutrinos which is inconsistent with expectations based on calculations of the atmospheric neutrino ux. Experimental biases and uncertainties in the prediction of neutrino(More)
Cardiovascular responses were examined in seven healthy male subjects during 10 min of recovery in the upright or supine position following 5 min of upright cycle exercise at 80% peak oxygen uptake. An initial rapid decrease in heart rate (fc) during the early phase of recovery followed by much slower decrease was observed for both the upright and supine(More)
Genetic variations within a population of the Japanese sika deer, Cervus nippon, on Kinkazan Island were studied by microsatellite analysis. Seventeen pairs of polymerase chain reaction primers designed for several species of ungulates successfully amplified polymorphic microsatellite DNA in sika deer. About 20% of the Kinkazan population was sampled and(More)
A search for the relic neutrinos from all past core-collapse supernovae was conducted using 1496 days of data from the Super-Kamiokande detector. This analysis looked for electron-type antineutrinos that had produced a positron with an energy greater than 18 MeV. In the absence of a signal, 90% C.L. upper limits on the total flux were set for several(More)
To determine whether paced breathing (PB) and respiratory interval of PB modify the relationship between spectral components of heart rate variability (HRV) and cardiac vagal tone, we studied seven healthy young males under the condition of beta-adrenergic blockade by intravenous propranolol (0.2 mg/kg). Compared with spontaneous breathing, PB at the same(More)
Membrane-type 1 matrix metalloproteinase (MT1-MMP)/MMP-14 is the activator of progelatinase A (proGelA)/proMMP-2 on the cell surface. However, it was a paradox that a tissue inhibitor of metalloproteinase-2 (TIMP-2), which is an inhibitor of MT1-MMP, is required for proGelA activation by the cells expressing MT1-MMP. In this study, a truncated MT1-MMP(More)
Vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) and its two receptors, Fms-like tyrosine kinase 1 (Flt-1) (VEGFR-1) and KDR/Flk-1 (VEGFR-2), have been demonstrated to be an essential regulatory system for blood vessel formation in mammals. KDR is a major positive signal transducer for angiogenesis through its strong tyrosine kinase activity. Flt-1 has a unique(More)