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Recent evidence has revealed that senescence induction requires fine-tuned activation of p53, however, mechanisms underlying the regulation of p53 activity during senescence have not as yet been clearly established. We demonstrate here that SCF(Fbxo22)-KDM4A is a senescence-associated E3 ligase targeting methylated p53 for degradation. We find that Fbxo22(More)
Selective activation of p53 target genes in response to various cellular stresses is a critical step in determining the ability to induce cell-cycle arrest or apoptosis. Here we report the identification of the microRNA miR-22 as a p53 target gene that selectively determines the induction of p53-dependent apoptosis by repressing p21. Combinatorial analyses(More)
Human and rodent cells proficient and deficient in non-homologous end joining (NHEJ) were irradiated with X rays, 70 keV/microm carbon ions, and 200 keV/microm iron ions, and the biological effects on these cells were compared. For wild-type CHO and normal human fibroblast (HFL III) cells, exposure to iron ions yielded the lowest cell survival, followed by(More)
The genetically amenable organism Drosophila melanogaster has been estimated to have 14,076 protein coding genes in the genome, according to the flybase release note R5.13 (http://flybase.bio.indiana.edu/static_pages/docs/release_notes.html). Recent application of RNA interference (RNAi) to the study of developmental biology in Drosophila has enabled us to(More)
The transcription factors HSF1 and p53 both modulate the stress response, thereby protecting and facilitating the recovery of stressed cells, but both have the potential to promote tumor development. Here we show that a p53 target gene, IER5, encodes an activator of HSF1. IER5 forms a ternary complex with HSF1 and the phosphatase PP2A, and promotes the(More)
Aberrant DNA hypermethylation is a major epigenetic mechanism to inactivate tumor suppressor genes in cancer. Epstein-Barr virus positive gastric cancer is the most frequently hypermethylated tumor among human malignancies. Herein, we performed comprehensive analysis of epigenomic alteration during EBV infection, by Infinium HumanMethylation 450K BeadChip(More)
The tumor suppressor p53 functions by inducing the transcription of a collection of target genes. We previously attempted to identify p53 target genes by microarray expression and ChIP-sequencing analyses. In this study, we describe a novel p53 target gene, FUCA1, which encodes a fucosidase. Although fucosidase, α-l-1 (FUCA1) has been reported to be a(More)
Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) infection is associated with tumours such as Burkitt lymphoma, nasopharyngeal carcinoma, and gastric cancer. We previously showed that EBV(+) gastric cancer presents an extremely high-methylation epigenotype and this aberrant DNA methylation causes silencing of multiple tumour suppressor genes. However, the mechanisms that drive EBV(More)