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BACKGROUND Doxorubicin is a highly effective antineoplastic drug, but its clinical use is limited by its adverse side effects on the heart. We investigated possible protective effects of erythropoietin against doxorubicin-induced cardiomyopathy. METHODS AND RESULTS Cardiomyopathy was induced in mice by a single intraperitoneal injection of doxorubicin (15(More)
In patients with post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), re-experiencing the trauma is often induced by external cues in the environment. The cues, which were emotionally neutral for the patients before the traumatic event, become fearful ones after the event. This phenomenon is considered to be associated with fear conditioning. The paradigm was set up so(More)
Cognitive impairment in patients with idiopathic normal pressure hydrocephalous (iNPH) has not been clearly documented. We performed standardized neuropsychological assessments of 21 patients with iNPH and of 42 patients with Alzheimer's disease (AD) matched to the patients with iNPH 2:1 by age, sex, and Mini-Mental State Examination score. Compared with(More)
We propose an IEEE 802.11b wireless LAN location system based on the time difference of arrival (TDOA) method. We confirm that IEEE 802.11b, as part of an indoor location system, is potentially highly accurate because of its broad bandwidth. When a location system is implemented in the IEEE 802.11b system, there are two important considerations; system(More)
We compared the scores of the Frontal Assessment Battery (FAB), initial fluency subtest, category fluency subtest and subtests of the Mini-Mental State Examination (MMSE) between patients with idiopathic normal pressure hydrocephalus (iNPH) and age-, sex- and MMSE-matched patients with Alzheimer's disease (AD). In patients with iNPH, the time and number of(More)
We evaluated everyday memory impairment in 24 patients with mild cognitive impairment (MCI) with the Rivermead Behavioral Memory Test (RBMT) and compared the scores with those of 48 age-, sex- and education-matched normal controls (NC) and 48 age-, sex- and education-matched Alzheimer disease (AD) patients. Overall everyday memory was impaired in MCI(More)
BACKGROUND The nucleus of the myocytes in human hypertrophic hearts is characterized by its bizarre shape and widespread clumping of chromatin. The functional significance has not been determined. METHODS AND RESULTS Left ventricular (LV) endomyocardial biopsies obtained from patients with dilated cardiomyopathy (DCM, n=23), postmyocarditis (n=13),(More)
Blockade of ANG II type 1A receptor (AT(1A)) is known to attenuate postinfarction [postmyocardial infarction (post-MI)] heart failure, accompanying reduction in fibrosis of the noninfarcted area. In the present study, we investigated the influence of AT(1A) blockade on the infarcted tissue itself. Consistent with earlier reports, AT(1A) knockout (AT(1A)KO)(More)
Blockade of angiotensin II type 1 receptor (AT1) signaling attenuates heart failure following myocardial infarction (MI), perhaps through reduction of fibrosis in the noninfarcted myocardium. However, its specific effect on the infarct tissue itself has not been fully clarified, which we examined in the present study. After MI induction in mice, treatment(More)
Although beneficial effects of granulocyte colony-stimulating factor (G-CSF) have been demonstrated on post-myocardia infarction (MI) process, the mechanisms and feasibility are not fully agreed yet. We investigated effects of a long-term treatment with a low-dose G-CSF started 1 day after the onset of MI, on post-infarction process. One day after being(More)