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BACKGROUND Doxorubicin is a highly effective antineoplastic drug, but its clinical use is limited by its adverse side effects on the heart. We investigated possible protective effects of erythropoietin against doxorubicin-induced cardiomyopathy. METHODS AND RESULTS Cardiomyopathy was induced in mice by a single intraperitoneal injection of doxorubicin (15(More)
Hepatocyte growth factor (HGF) reportedly exerts beneficial effects on the heart following myocardial infarction and during nonischemic cardiomyopathy, but the precise mechanisms underlying the latter have not been well elucidated. We generated nonischemic cardiomyopathy in mice by injecting them with doxorubicin (15 mg/kg ip). Two weeks later, when cardiac(More)
BACKGROUND/AIMS We developed an idiopathic normal-pressure hydrocephalus grading scale (iNPHGS) to classify a triad of disorders (cognitive impairment, gait disturbance and urinary disturbance) of iNPH with a wide range of severity. The purpose of this study was to assess the reliability and validity of this scale in 38 patients with iNPH. RESULTS The(More)
In patients with post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), re-experiencing the trauma is often induced by external cues in the environment. The cues, which were emotionally neutral for the patients before the traumatic event, become fearful ones after the event. This phenomenon is considered to be associated with fear conditioning. The paradigm was set up so(More)
Cognitive impairment in patients with idiopathic normal pressure hydrocephalous (iNPH) has not been clearly documented. We performed standardized neuropsychological assessments of 21 patients with iNPH and of 42 patients with Alzheimer's disease (AD) matched to the patients with iNPH 2:1 by age, sex, and Mini-Mental State Examination score. Compared with(More)
We investigated the effect of resveratrol, a popular natural polyphenolic compound with antioxidant and proautophagic actions, on postinfarction heart failure. Myocardial infarction was induced in mice by left coronary artery ligation. Four weeks postinfarction, when heart failure was established, the surviving mice were started on 2-week treatments with(More)
To examine the functional significance and morphological characteristics of starvation-induced autophagy in the adult heart, we made green fluorescent protein-microtubule-associated protein 1-light chain 3 (LC3) transgenic mice starve for up to 3 days. Electron microscopy revealed round, homogenous, electron-dense lipid droplet-like vacuoles that initially(More)
Ischemia is known to potently stimulate autophagy in the heart, which may contribute to cardiomyocyte survival. In vitro, transfection with small interfering RNAs targeting Atg5 or Lamp-2 (an autophagy-related gene necessary, respectively, for the initiation and digestion step of autophagy), which specifically inhibited autophagy, diminished survival among(More)
We compared the scores of the Frontal Assessment Battery (FAB), initial fluency subtest, category fluency subtest and subtests of the Mini-Mental State Examination (MMSE) between patients with idiopathic normal pressure hydrocephalus (iNPH) and age-, sex- and MMSE-matched patients with Alzheimer's disease (AD). In patients with iNPH, the time and number of(More)