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A novel Acinetobacter strain, Ud-4, possessing a strong capacity to degrade edible, lubricating, and heavy oil was isolated from seawater in a fishing port located in Toyama, Japan. It was identified by morphological and physiological analyses and 16S rDNA sequencing. This strain could utilize five types of edible oils (canola oil, olive oil, sesame oil,(More)
Increasing intracellular mannose-6-phosphate (Man-6-P) was previously reported to reduce the amount of the major lipid linked oligosaccharide (LLO) precursor of N-glycans; a loss that might decrease cellular N-glycosylation. If so, providing dietary mannose supplements to glycosylation-deficient patients might further impair their glycosylation. To address(More)
Large-sized botulinum toxin complex (L-TC) is formed by conjugation of neurotoxin, nontoxic nonhemagglutinin and hemagglutinin (HA) complex. The HA complex is formed by association of three HA-70 molecules and three HA-33/HA-17 trimers, comprised of a single HA-17 and two HA-33 proteins. The HA-33/HA-17 trimer isolated from serotype D L-TC has the ability(More)
Clostridium botulinum type C 16S progenitor toxin consists of a neurotoxin (NTX), a non-toxic non-HA (NTNH), and a haemagglutinin (HA). The HA acts as an adhesin, allowing the 16S toxin to bind to intestinal epithelial cells and erythrocytes. In type C, these bindings are dependent on sialic acid. The HA consists of four distinct subcomponents designated(More)
Rodent incisors maintain the ability to grow continuously and their labial dentin is covered with enamel. Bcl11b zinc-finger transcription factor is expressed in ameloblast progenitors in mouse incisors and its absence in Bcl11b(KO/KO) mice results in a defect in embryonic tooth development. However, the role of Bcl11b in incisor maintenance in adult tissue(More)
A glucodextranase (iGDase) from Arthrobacter globiformis I42 hydrolyzes alpha-1,6-glucosidic linkages of dextran from the non-reducing end to produce beta-D-glucose via an inverting reaction mechanism and classified into the glycoside hydrolase family 15 (GH15). Here we cloned the iGDase gene and determined the crystal structures of iGDase of the unliganded(More)
Alphan alpha-amylase (TVA II) from Thermoactinomyces vulgaris R-47 efficiently hydrolyzes alpha-1,4-glucosidic linkages of pullulan to produce panose in addition to hydrolyzing starch. TVA II also hydrolyzes alpha-1,4-glucosidic linkages of cyclodextrins and alpha-1,6-glucosidic linkages of isopanose. To clarify the basis for this wide substrate specificity(More)
A β-fructofuranosidase from Microbacterium saccharophilum K-1 (formerly known as Arthrobacter sp. K-1) is useful for producing the sweetener lactosucrose (4G-β-d-galactosylsucrose). Thermostability of the β-fructofuranosidase was enhanced by random mutagenesis and saturation mutagenesis. Clones with enhanced thermostability included mutations at residues(More)
Arthrobacter sp. K-1 β-fructofuranosidase (ArFFase), a glycoside hydrolase family 68 enzyme, catalyzes the hydrolysis and transfructosylation of sucrose. ArFFase is useful for producing a sweetener, lactosucrose (4(G)-β-D-galactosylsucrose). The primary structure of ArFFase is homologous to those of levansucrases, although ArFFase catalyzes mostly(More)