Atsushi Nakano

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Ara6 of Arabidopsis thaliana is a novel member of the Rab/Ypt GTPase family with unique structural features. It resembles Rab5 GTPases best, but lacks a large part of the C-terminal hypervariable region and the cysteine motif, and instead harbors an extra stretch of amino acid residues containing myristoylation and palmitoylation sites at the N-terminus.(More)
Cardiogenesis requires the generation of endothelial, cardiac, and smooth muscle cells, thought to arise from distinct embryonic precursors. We use genetic fate-mapping studies to document that isl1(+) precursors from the second heart field can generate each of these diverse cardiovascular cell types in vivo. Utilizing embryonic stem (ES) cells, we clonally(More)
The gene expression of five matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) and two tissue inhibitors of metalloproteinases (TIMPs) was studied in human gliomas in vivo and in vitro to evaluate their roles in glioma invasion. Simultaneous expression of one to four MMP genes and two TIMP genes was found in 17 surgical glioma specimens, and one MMP (gelatinase A) gene and(More)
Accumulating evidence suggests that in the vertebrate embryo, acquisition of arterial and venous identity is established early by genetic mechanisms, including those regulated by vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) and Notch signaling. However, although the COUP-TFII nuclear receptor has recently been shown to regulate vein identity, very little is(More)
The critical time for opening mitochondrial (mito) K(ATP) channels, putative end effectors of ischemic preconditioning (PC), was examined. In isolated rabbit hearts 29+/-3% of risk zone infarcted after 30 minutes of regional ischemia. Ischemic PC or 5-minute exposure to 10 micromol/L diazoxide, a mito K(ATP) channel opener, reduced infarction to 3+/-1% and(More)
Tumor cells often express phenotypic markers that are specific to the cells from which they originated. A neural RNA-binding protein, Musashil, is an evolutionarily well-conserved marker for neural stem cells/ progenitor cells. To examine the origin of gliomas, we examined the expression of the human Musashil homolog, MSI1, in human glioma tissues and in(More)
As an approach to understand the molecular mechanisms of endoplasmic reticulum (ER) protein sorting, we have isolated yeast rer mutants that mislocalize a Sec12-Mfalpha1p fusion protein from the ER to later compartments of the secretory pathway (S. Nishikawa and A. Nakano, Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 90:8179-8183, 1993). The temperature-sensitive rer2 mutant(More)
The creation of regenerative stem cell therapies for heart disease requires that we understand the molecular mechanisms that govern the fates and differentiation of the diverse muscle and non-muscle cell lineages of the heart. Recently, different cardiac cell types have been reported to arise from a common, multipotent Islet1 (Isl1)-positive progenitor,(More)
Immunofluorescence staining of yeast cells with anti-binding protein (BiP) antibodies shows uniform staining of the endoplasmic reticulum (ER). We have found that overproduction of Sec12p, an ER membrane protein, causes a change of BiP distribution within the cell. Upon induction of Sec12p by the GAL1 promoter, the staining pattern of BiP turns into bright(More)
Protein secretion plays an important role in plant cells as it does in animal and yeast cells, but the tools to study molecular events of plant secretion are very limited. We have focused on the Sar1 GTPase, which is essential for the vesicle formation from the endoplasmic reticulum (ER) in yeast, and have previously shown that tobacco and Arabidopsis SAR1(More)