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BACKGROUND AND AIM OF THE STUDY The timing of the surgical intervention for active infective endocarditis (IE) is particularly difficult when there is a cerebrovascular complication. The study aim was to investigate the results of surgical treatment for active IE in patients with recent cerebrovascular events, and to evaluate the relationship between the(More)
Platypnea-orthodeoxia is a rare syndrome presenting with dyspnea and cyanosis induced by an upright position and relieved by recumbency. We report a patient with an excessively enlarged aortic root who had critical hypoxia due to a paradoxical shunt through the patent foramen ovale only when seated. The postural changes of the shunt, caused by changes in(More)
The goal of this prospective study was to examine the effects of landiolol hydrochloride on prevention of atrial fibrillation and on hemodynamics in the acute postoperative phase after heart valve surgery. The subjects were 60 patients who underwent valve surgery at our hospital from April 2008 to July 2010. The patients were randomly divided into two(More)
Loading and releasing protein in a controllable way is extremely important for the protein vehicles used in bone tissue engineering. To obtain a suitable carrier material for basic proteins, such as BMP or bFGF, hydroxyapatite particles containing mercaptosuccinic acid (mercaptosuccinic acid (Mer), (Mer-HAp)) were synthesized. Physicochemical evaluation of(More)
We investigated the microstructural changes on an atomic length scale during thermal decomposition process of Ca-deficient hydroxyapatite (Ca-def HAp) by high-resolution transmission electron microscopy (HRTEM). Ca-def HAp was prepared by hydrolysis of alpha-tricalcium phosphate. The Ca-def HAp had a whisker-like morphology 2-5 microm in length and 0.1(More)
Apatite biomaterials have potential not only as cell vehicles for engineering bone tissue but also as regulators of calcium (Ca) concentration in situ for controlling osteoblast functions, for example, osteogenic differentiation and fate management of hematopoietic stem cells (HSCs). To design apatite materials having optimal chemical properties for the(More)
The atomic level mechanism of incorporation of Zn(2+) into hydroxyapatite (HAp), which is a potential dopant to promote bone formation, was investigated, based on first principles total energy calculations and experimental X-ray absorption near edge structure (XANES) analyses. It was found that Zn(2+)-doped HAp tends to have a Ca-deficient chemical(More)
OBJECTIVE Highly porous apatite-based bioceramic scaffolds have been widely investigated as three-dimensional (3D) templates for cell adhesion, proliferation, and differentiation promoting the bone regeneration. Their fragility, however, limits their clinical application especially for a large bone defect. METHODS To address the hypothesis that using a(More)
BACKGROUND Repair of partial anomalous pulmonary venous connection (PAPVC) to the high portion of the superior vena cava (SVC) may be complicated by atrial arrhythmia and obstruction of the pulmonary veins or SVC. We reviewed our experience with the modified Warden technique, in which the SVC was transected and anastomosed to the right atrial appendage with(More)