Atsushi Nagata

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Host factors required for viral replication are ideal drug targets because they are less likely than viral proteins to mutate under drug-mediated selective pressure. Although genome-wide screens have identified host proteins involved in influenza virus replication, limited mechanistic understanding of how these factors affect influenza has hindered(More)
Purpose To investigate longitudinal changes in mean blur rate (MBR) measured by laser speckle flowgraphy (LSFG) in the rat optic nerve head (ONH), and the reproducibility of MBR. Methods Rats were dilated under general anesthesia. Intraocular pressure (IOP), blood pressure, ocular perfusion pressure (OPP), heart rate, and LSFG were measured 30 minutes(More)
Non-competitive NMDA receptor antagonists, in spite of their neuroprotective effects against neuronal ischemia, brain trauma, etc., cause neuronal damage in the rodent posterior cingulate and retrosplenial cortices (PC/RS), which are thought to be responsible brain regions for their psychotomimetic activity in humans. A number of anesthetics have not only(More)
Neonates with Pierre Robin or Treacher-Collins syndrome are at risk of upper airway obstruction and may require surgical fixation of the tongue to the mandible. Such neonates are at high risk of hypoxia during induction of anesthesia and thus awake fiberoptic intubation would be required. We experienced neonates in whom awake fiberoptic intubation could not(More)
PURPOSE To determine whether optical coherence tomography (OCT) is useful for quantitative evaluation of the thickness of the rat retinal nerve fiber layer (RNFL) in an optic nerve crush model. METHODS An OCT system was developed with a modified commercial time-domain OCT and a superluminescent diode with a bandwidth of 150 nm. Optical components were(More)
A 59-year-old man with cervical spondylosis was scheduled for a posterior spine surgery. After induction of anaesthesia with propofol and fentanyl, and neuromuscular blockade with vecuronium, the trachea was intubated using an 8.0-mm ID refinforced tube, without difficulty. After inflation of the cuff with 6 ml of air, there was no gas leak around the tube.(More)
The binding of ocular hypotensive drugs to synthetic melanin was studied spectrophotometrically in vitro. The ocular hypotensive effects of the drugs, namely, timolol, befunolol, carteolol, pilocarpine, epinephrine, prostaglandin A2, F2 alpha and E2, also were compared in vivo on eyes of pigmented and albino rabbits. At an initial concentration of 10(-4) M,(More)
Fluorescein fundus angiography was performed at angle of 20 degrees in the 58 low tension glaucoma (LTG) eyes (30 cases) and 77 primary open angle glaucoma (POAG) eyes (41 cases) and the relation of the optic nerve head fluorescein changes to visual field disturbances (stage classification of Kosaki) was compared between POAG and LTG groups. The filling(More)
PURPOSE To report our experience managing a limbal mass associated with limbal vernal keratoconjunctivitis (VKC) by surgical excision. METHODS A 16-year-old girl was referred to our hospital with the chief complaints of itching and photophobia in both eyes. She had a 2-year history of gradually enlarging limbal gelatinous masses on the temporal limbus in(More)