Atsushi Matsumoto

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The aim of this study is to examine the neural substrates involved in semantic priming using a combined event-related functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) and event-related potentials (ERP) study. Twelve subjects were instructed to judge whether the presented target word was a real word or a nonword. Under the related condition, target words were(More)
The neural basis for successful recognition of previously studied items, referred to as "retrieval success," has been investigated using either neuroimaging or brain potentials; however, few studies have used both modalities. Our study combined event-related functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) and event-related potential (ERP) in separate groups of(More)
Converging evidence in neurophysiological and neuroimaging studies has suggested that the limbic and prefrontal systems play important roles in emotion and cognition. These structures are activated when we see a human face, assuming that we automatically evaluate the biological significance of the stimuli. The serotonin (5-HT) system within the brain has(More)
BACKGROUND Hemoperfusion with PMX-F (polymyxin B covalently immobilized on fibers) has been reported to be safe and effective for patients with septic shock. However, the molecular mechanism of this usefulness is not yet clear. The purpose of this study was to evaluate whether the expression of CD14, human leukocyte antigen (HLA)-DR on monocytes, and the(More)
We investigated the relationship between temperamental predisposition and brain structure by using a standard questionnaire and high-resolution T1-weighted magnetic resonance image (MRI) in normal young volunteers. Fifty-six subjects completed the Japanese version of the Temperament and Character Inventory (TCI, 125 items) and underwent an MRI acquisition(More)
Influenza is one of the most prevalent viral diseases in humans. For some high-risk human populations, including the infant, the elderly, and the immunocompromised, who may not benefit from active immunization, passive immunotherapy with antibodies reactive with all influenza A strains may be an alternative. In this study, we characterized several fully(More)
In vitro phosphorylation reactions using extracts of Streptomyces griseus cells and γ-[32P]ATP revealed the presence of multiple phosphorylated proteins. Most of the phosphorylations were distinctly inhibited by staurosporine and K-252a which are known to be eukaryotic protein kinase inhibitors. The in vitro experiments also showed that phosphorylation was(More)
The purpose of this study was to clarify the functional outcomes of colonic J-pouch anastomosis (J-LAR) for lower rectal cancer in comparison with those of traditional straight anastomosis (S-LAR). A questionnaire regarding anorectal function was conducted 1 year after operation on patients who underwent J-LAR (n=15) and S-LAR (n=30). The clinical functions(More)
Changes in Valpha24+Vbeta11+ NKT cell number and function are associated with human autoimmune diseases and cancer. Restoration of this corresponding NKT cell population in mice or in vivo activation with alpha-galactosylceramide (KRN7000) can prevent or reduce tumor growth and autoimmunity. Although the therapeutic value of these natural killer T (NKT)(More)