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The effects of trimethyltin on the hippocampus were investigated in terms of changes in histology, depth electroencephalography, learning acquisition and memory retention, choline acetyltransferase and neuropeptides, and seizure-induced c-fos messenger RNA expression. The results were as follows. (1) Morphologically, trimethyltin produced a progressive loss(More)
Bombesin and 10 bombesin-related peptides were administered intracerebroventricularly to conscious and freely moving rats. All peptides tested were found to elicit excessive grooming, especially scratching behavior. Bombesin itself had the most potent and long-lasting activity in eliciting scratching behavior. Naturally occurring peptides such as neuromedin(More)
Ihara's genetically epileptic rat (IGER) is a rat mutant with genetically scheduled spontaneous convulsions mimicking human limbic seizures. In the present study, the possible changes of three neuropeptides, neuropeptide Y (NPY), somatostatin (SRIF) and corticotropin-releasing factor (CRF), in the brains of IGER were investigated. Increased contents of(More)
The anti-convulsive effects of neuropeptide Y have been suggested in several animal models of epilepsy. We have found the sustained increase of neuropeptide Y contents and the seizure-induced elevation of hippocampal messenger RNA in a novel spontaneous epileptic mutant rat: Noda epileptic rat. In the present study, we investigated the change of(More)
We studied the effects of trimethyltin (TMT) (9 mg/kg, p.o.) on the nitric oxide synthase (NOS)-containing neurons in the rat hippocampus by NADPH-diaphorase histochemistry and a biochemical assay of NOS activity. TMT exposure caused the typical behavioral changes and a loss of the CA3/4 pyramidal cells, which were NADPH diaphorase-negative. The scattered(More)
Changes in immunoreactive somatostatin (SOM) and cholecystokinin (CCK-8) levels in the cerebellum and cerebrum were investigated in three types of genetically-determined ataxic mutant mice: rolling mouse Nagoya (RMN), weaver, and Purkinje cell degeneration (PCD) mice. The cerebellar pathology in each of these types differs. The concentration of both SOM and(More)
Immunoreactive- (IR-) somatostatin (SRIF), neuropeptide Y (NPY) and corticotropin-releasing factor (CRF) contents were investigated in the brain of tremor rats with absence-like seizure and spontaneously epileptic rats (SER), which is a genetically defined double-mutant (zi/zi, tm/tm) obtained by mating zitter homozygote (zi/zi) with tremor heterozygote(More)
Spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHR) are widely used as a rat model of attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder (AD/HD). Here, we conducted neurochemical and behavioral studies in SHR to clarify the topographical alterations in neurotransmissions linked to their behavioral abnormalities. In the open-field test, juvenile SHR showed a significant(More)
Safingol, a L-threo-dihydrosphingosine, induced the nuclear translocation of a mitochondrial apoptogenic mediator--endonuclease G (endo G)--and apoptosis of human oral squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) cells. Upstream mediators remain largely unknown. The levels of hydrogen peroxide (H2O2) in cultured oral SCC cells were measured. Treatment with safingol(More)
Noda epileptic rat (NER) is a new epileptic rat strain, which was developed by inbreeding rats with spontaneous tonic-clonic seizures in a stock of Crj:Wistar. In the present study, possible changes of two neuropeptides, neuropeptide Y (NPY) and corticotropin-releasing factor (CRF), in the brains of NER were investigated. Increased contents of(More)