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The dorsal thalamus (DT) is a pivotal region in the vertebrate brain that relays inputs from the peripheral sensory organs to higher cognitive centers. It consists of clusters of neurons with relevant functions, called brain nuclei. However, the mechanisms underlying development of the DT, including specification of the neuronal subtypes and morphogenesis(More)
We cloned the chicken Hoxb-4 gene and performed in situ analysis to investigate conservation in patterns of expression between the chicken and mouse. The anterior boundaries of expression for both genes in segmented tissues, such as the hindbrain and paraxial mesoderm, map to the same rhombomere (r) (r6/r7) and somite (s) (s6/s7) limits, showing a direct(More)
We show that expression of the two related chicken homeo box genes, Hox-7 and Hox-8, which is widespread in the lateral mesoderm at early stages, becomes restricted to the mesoderm underlying the apical ectodermal ridge as limbs develop. Expression in the limb bud mesoderm is not maintained in the limbless mutant, which does not form an apical ridge. The(More)
Vertebrate endoderm development has recently become the focus of intense investigation. We have identified a novel sox gene, 226D7, which is important in zebrafish endoderm development. 226D7 was isolated by an in situ hybridization screening for genes expressed in the yolk syncytial layer (YSL) at the blastula stage. 226D7 is expressed mainly in the YSL at(More)
When a lens is removed from the newt eye, a new lens is regenerated from the pigmented epithelial cells of the dorsal iris, whereas the ventral iris never shows such an ability. It is important to clarify the nature of signaling molecules which act directly on the iris cells to accomplish lens regeneration from the iris and also to gain insight into the(More)
External genitalia are anatomical structures located at the posterior embryonic region as part of several urogenital/reproductive organs. The embryonic anlage of the external genitalia, the genital tubercle (GT) develops as a bud-shaped structure with an initial urethral plate and later urethra. Embryonic external genitalia are considered to be one of the(More)
During cardiogenesis, Fibroblast Growth Factor (Fgf10) is expressed in the anterior second heart field. Together with Fibroblast growth factor 8 (Fgf8), Fgf10 promotes the proliferation of these cardiac progenitor cells that form the arterial pole of the heart. We have identified a 1.7-kb region in the first intron of Fgf10 that is necessary and sufficient(More)
Hox genes encode a transcriptional factor that plays a key role in regulating position-specific cartilage pattern formation. We found that Hoxa-13 and Hoxd-13, which are members of the Abd-B subfamily of Hox genes and are crucial for the autopod development of the limb, stimulate transcription from the Bmp-4 promoter. This stimulation was dependent on the(More)
The respiratory primordium is positioned and its territory is defined in the foregut. The visceral mesoderm of the respiratory primordium acquires the inducing potential that is necessary for endodermal budding morphogenesis and respiratory endoderm formation. Tbx4, a member of the T-box transcription factor gene family, was specifically expressed in the(More)
To examine the nature of cytoplasm determinants for dorsal specification in zebrafish, we have developed a method in which we remove the vegetal yolk hemisphere of early fertilized eggs (vegetal removed embryos). When the vegetal yolk mass was removed at the 1-cell stage, the embryos frequently exhibited typical ventralized phenotypes: no axial structures(More)