Atsushi Kurihara

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The aim of the current study is to identify the human cytochrome P450 (P450) isoforms involved in the two oxidative steps in the bioactivation of clopidogrel to its pharmacologically active metabolite. In the in vitro experiments using cDNA-expressed human P450 isoforms, clopidogrel was metabolized to 2-oxo-clopidogrel, the immediate precursor of its(More)
Prasugrel, a prodrug, is a novel and potent inhibitor of platelet aggregation in vivo. The metabolism of prasugrel and the elimination and pharmacokinetics of its active metabolite, 2-[1-[2-cyclopropyl-1-(2-fluorophenyl)-2-oxoethyl]-4-mercapto-3-piperidinylidene]acetic acid (R-138727), three inactive metabolites, and radioactivity were determined in five(More)
Ticlopidine, clopidogrel, and prasugrel are thienopyridine prodrugs that inhibit adenosine-5'-diphosphate (ADP)-mediated platelet aggregation in vivo. These compounds are converted to thiol-containing active metabolites through a corresponding thiolactone. The 3 compounds differ in their metabolic pathways to their active metabolites in humans. Whereas(More)
BACKGROUND AND METHODS Prasugrel is a novel orally active thienopyridine prodrug with potent and long-lasting antiplatelet effects. Platelet inhibition reflects inhibition of P2Y(12) receptors by its active metabolite (AM). Previous studies have shown that the antiplatelet potency of prasugrel is at least 10 times higher than that of clopidogrel in rats and(More)
The risk of idiosyncratic drug toxicity (IDT) is of great concern to the pharmaceutical industry. Current hypotheses based on retrospective studies suggest that the occurrence of IDT is related to covalent binding and daily dose. We determined the covalent binding of 42 radiolabeled drugs in three test systems (human liver microsomes and hepatocytes in(More)
A quantitative method for the determination of clopidogrel active metabolite (AM) in human plasma was developed and validated using liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry (LC-MS/MS). Clopidogrel AM contains a thiol group, thus requiring stabilization in biological samples. The alkylating reagent 2-bromo-3'-methoxyacetophenone was used to stabilize(More)
Purpose. Brain drug targeting may be achieved by conjugating drugs,that normally do not cross the blood-brain barrier (BBB), to brain drugdelivery vectors. The murine 83-14 MAb to the human insulin receptor(HIR) is a potential brain drug targeting vector that could be used inhumans, if this MAb was genetically engineered to form a chimericantibody, where(More)
For the determination of leukocyte chemotaxis in the Boyden chamber toward zymosan-activated serum, a modification of the 51Cr-labeling method originally introduced by Gallin et al. was made using a polycarbonate filter at the top of a double filter system. By application of this method, it was demonstrated that an anti-inflammatory steroid, dexamethasone(More)
The biotransformation of prasugrel to R-138727 (2-[1-2-cyclopropyl-1-(2-fluorophenyl)-2-oxoethyl]-4-mercapto-3-piperidinylidene]acetic acid) involves rapid deesterification to R-95913 (2-[2-oxo-6,7-dihydrothieno[3,2-c]pyridin-5(4H)-yl]-1-cyclopropyl-2-(2-fluorophenyl)ethanone) followed by cytochrome P450 (P450)-mediated formation of R-138727, the metabolite(More)
OBJECTIVE To assess alterations in brain metabolites in patients with late-onset ornithine transcarbamylase deficiency (OTCD). METHODS Six unrelated, asymptomatic Japanese late-onset OTCD patients were analyzed by proton MRS ((1)HMRS) using a point-resolved spectroscopy technique (repetition and echo times, 5000 and 30 ms). Localized spectra for the(More)