Atsushi Kurihara

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Cerebral amyloid-beta peptide (Abeta) clearance plays a key role in determining the brain level of Abeta; however, its mechanism remains unclear. In this study, we investigated cerebral Abeta clearance across the blood-brain barrier (BBB) by using the Brain Efflux Index method. [125I]Abeta(1-40) was eliminated from rat brain to circulating blood with a(More)
To examine the effect of the fluoroquinolone DX-619 on CYP3A4 and urinary excretion of 6β-hydroxycortisol, an endogenous probe of hepatic CYP3A4 activity, in healthy subjects. The effect of DX-619 on CYP3A4 was examined in human liver microsomes. The apparent formation and renal clearance of 6β-hydroxycortisol (CL6β−OHF and CLrenal,6β−OHF, respectively)(More)
Olmesartan medoxomil (OM) is a prodrug type angiotensin II type 1 receptor antagonist widely prescribed as an antihypertensive agent. Herein, we describe the identification and characterization of the OM bioactivating enzyme that hydrolyzes the prodrug and converts to its pharmacologically active metabolite olmesartan in human liver and intestine. The(More)
Recombinant osteoprotegerin (OPG) has been proven to be useful for treating various bone disorders such as osteoporosis. To improve its in vivo pharmacological effect, OPG was conjugated to novel comb-shaped co-polymers of polyethylene glycol (PEG) allylmethylether and maleamic acid (poly(PEG), 5 kDa). Biodistribution and bioactivity were evaluated. OPG was(More)
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