Learn More
SIRT1, a NAD(+)-dependent protein deacetylase, is known to have neural functions. However, despite its cytoplasmic expression in some neural cells, its cytoplasmic function, if any, is unknown. Here we found that PC12 (pheochromocytoma) cells expressed SIRT1 in the cytoplasm. Nerve growth factor (NGF)-induced neurite outgrowth of these cells was promoted by(More)
Sirtuins are a highly conserved family of histone/protein deacetylases whose activity can prolong the lifespan of model organisms such as yeast, worms and flies. In mammalian cells, seven sirtuins (SIRT1-7) modulate distinct metabolic and stress-response pathways, SIRT1 and SIRT3 having been most extensively investigated in the cardiovascular system. SIRT1(More)
To investigate the recognition mechanism of tRNA(Pro) by prolyl-tRNA synthetase from hyperthermophilic archaeon, Aeropyrum pernix K1, various tRNA(Pro) transcripts were prepared by in vitro transcription system. These transcripts were aminoacylated with proline by overexpressed A. pernix prolyl-tRNA synthetase. From prolylation experiments, recognition(More)
Excessive reactive oxygen species (ROS) induce apoptosis and are associated with various diseases and with aging. SIRT1 (sirtuin-1), an NAD+-dependent protein deacetylase, decreases ROS levels and participates in cell survival under oxidative stress conditions. SIRT1 modulates the transcription factors p53, a tumor suppressor and inducer of apoptosis, and(More)
The hepatitis C virus (HCV) has a positive single-stranded RNA genome, and translation starts within the internal ribosome entry site (IRES) in a cap-independent manner. The IRES is well conserved among HCV subtypes and has a unique structure consisting of four domains. We used an in vitro selection procedure to isolate RNA aptamers capable of binding to(More)
BACKGROUND Diabetes mellitus (DM) is associated with an increased risk of ischemic heart disease and of adverse outcomes following myocardial infarction (MI). Here we assessed the role of endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress in ventricular dysfunction and outcomes after MI in type 2 DM (T2DM). METHODOLOGY AND PRINCIPAL FINDINGS In hearts of OLETF, a rat(More)
Mitochondrial autophagy eliminates damaged mitochondria and decreases reactive oxygen species (ROS). The autophagy inhibitor chloroquine (CQ) potentiates temozolomide (TMZ) cytotoxicity in glioma cells, but it is not known whether CQ does this by inhibiting mitochondrial autophagy. The effects of CQ and TMZ on MitoSOX Red fluorescence, a mitochondrial ROS(More)
The objective of this study was to examine the hypothesis that hypertensive hypertrophy is vulnerable to infarction and defective in cytoprotective mechanisms by modification of intracellular signaling and mitochondrial proteins. Myocardial infarction was induced by 20-minute coronary occlusion/reperfusion in spontaneously hypertensive stroke-prone rats(More)
The nucleotide sequence of the Thermus sp. strain T2 DNA coding for a thermostable alpha-galactosidase was determined. The deduced amino acid sequence of the enzyme predicts a polypeptide of 474 amino acids (M(r), 53,514). The observed homology between the deduced amino acid sequences of the enzyme and alpha-galactosidase from Thermus brockianus was over(More)
BACKGROUND Abnormal ventricular repolarization is a predictor of cardiovascular mortality. In this study, we tested the hypothesis that glycemic control reverses abnormal ventricular repolarization in patients with type 2 diabetes. METHODS We analyzed longitudinal changes in repolarization indices of electrocardiograms in retrospectively enrolled 44(More)