Learn More
BACKGROUND Laparoscopic/thoracoscopic intervention has been recently developed for hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). However, no precise evaluation regarding this type of surgery has been performed. PATIENTS AND METHODS A total of 33 laparoscopic and thoracoscopic treatments were performed on HCC patients, laparoscopic or thoracoscopic liver resection (LTR)(More)
Grading of difficulty is needed for laparoscopic liver resection (LLR). Indications for LLR are expanding worldwide from minor to major resections, particularly in institutions having surgeons with advanced skills. If the degrees of surgical difficulty were defined, it would serve as a useful guide when introducing LLR and stepping up to the more advanced(More)
BACKGROUND Partial hepatectomy and liver transplantation are considered curative treatments for small hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) meeting the Milan criteria (solitary tumor <5 cm or up to 3 nodules <3 cm). This study was designed to clarify whether partial hepatectomy can be the first option in patients eligible for both treatments. STUDY DESIGN All(More)
Although carbon monoxide (CO) has been reported to protect against hepatobiliary dysfunction, mechanisms for its actions remain unknown. This study aimed to examine actions of physiologically relevant concentrations of CO on biliary excretion. The effects of transportal administration of CO on bile output and constituents were examined in perfused rat(More)
BACKGROUND Macroscopic vascular invasion (MVI) is a well-known indicator of recurrence of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) even after curative hepatectomy, but the clinicopathologic and molecular features of the recurrence remain unclear in MVI-negative HCC. STUDY DESIGN Two hundred seven consecutive patients with confirmed primary MVI-negative HCC were(More)
AIMS To evaluate the dynamics of Kupffer cell (KC) phagocytosis by performing both in vivo and in vitro studies using Sonazoid (GE Healthcare, Oslo) in a rat nonalcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH) model. METHODS Contrast enhanced ultrasonography (CEUS) was performed on a rat NASH model induced by a methionine choline deficient diet (MCDD) and control rats,(More)
BACKGROUND & AIMS Identification and purification of cancer stem cells (CSCs) could lead to new therapeutic targets, but their heterogeneous expansion is an obstacle to their study. We investigated whether it is possible to monitor pancreatic CSCs in real time, based on their intrinsic low level of proteasome activity. METHODS We engineered human(More)
UNLABELLED Abnormal tumor vascularity is one of the typical features of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). In this study, the significance of contrast-enhanced intraoperative ultrasonography (CEIOUS) images of HCC vasculature was evaluated by clinicopathological and gene expression analyses. We enrolled 82 patients who underwent curative hepatic resection for(More)
BACKGROUND & AIMS We previously identified that high Aurora B expression was associated with hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) recurrence due to tumor dissemination. In this preclinical study, a novel inhibitor of Aurora B kinase was evaluated as a treatment for human HCC. METHODS AZD1152 is a selective inhibitor of Aurora B kinase. Twelve human HCC cell(More)
OBJECTIVE To evaluate the gene expression signature of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) in relation to the gross morphology. BACKGROUND Eggel's nodular type of HCC is morphologically subclassified into the single nodular (SN) type, the single nodular type with extranodular growth (SNEG), and the confluent multinodular (CM) type, but their biomolecular(More)