Atsushi Kudo

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BACKGROUND Laparoscopic/thoracoscopic intervention has been recently developed for hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). However, no precise evaluation regarding this type of surgery has been performed. PATIENTS AND METHODS A total of 33 laparoscopic and thoracoscopic treatments were performed on HCC patients, laparoscopic or thoracoscopic liver resection (LTR)(More)
Although carbon monoxide (CO) has been reported to protect against hepatobiliary dysfunction, mechanisms for its actions remain unknown. This study aimed to examine actions of physiologically relevant concentrations of CO on biliary excretion. The effects of transportal administration of CO on bile output and constituents were examined in perfused rat(More)
BACKGROUND & AIMS Identification and purification of cancer stem cells (CSCs) could lead to new therapeutic targets, but their heterogeneous expansion is an obstacle to their study. We investigated whether it is possible to monitor pancreatic CSCs in real time, based on their intrinsic low level of proteasome activity. METHODS We engineered human(More)
BACKGROUND & AIMS We previously identified that high Aurora B expression was associated with hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) recurrence due to tumor dissemination. In this preclinical study, a novel inhibitor of Aurora B kinase was evaluated as a treatment for human HCC. METHODS AZD1152 is a selective inhibitor of Aurora B kinase. Twelve human HCC cell(More)
Grading of difficulty is needed for laparoscopic liver resection (LLR). Indications for LLR are expanding worldwide from minor to major resections, particularly in institutions having surgeons with advanced skills. If the degrees of surgical difficulty were defined, it would serve as a useful guide when introducing LLR and stepping up to the more advanced(More)
BACKGROUND Partial hepatectomy and liver transplantation are considered curative treatments for small hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) meeting the Milan criteria (solitary tumor <5 cm or up to 3 nodules <3 cm). This study was designed to clarify whether partial hepatectomy can be the first option in patients eligible for both treatments. STUDY DESIGN All(More)
The aim of this study was to identify factors related to the recurrence of non-B or non-C (NBNC) hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). Between April 2000 and March 2012, out of 621 consecutive HCC patients at our institution, 543 who underwent initial hepatectomy and had no extrahepatic metastases were enrolled in the study. Multivariate analysis were performed(More)
BACKGROUND Macroscopic vascular invasion (MVI) is a well-known indicator of recurrence of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) even after curative hepatectomy, but the clinicopathologic and molecular features of the recurrence remain unclear in MVI-negative HCC. STUDY DESIGN Two hundred seven consecutive patients with confirmed primary MVI-negative HCC were(More)
Intrabiliary growth of liver metastases from colorectal cancer has rarely been studied. A surgically resected case of a metastatic liver tumor with prominent intrabiliary growth derived from rectal cancer is reported. The patient was a 62-year-old man who had received a low anterior resection for rectal cancer in March 2000. He was re-admitted due to(More)
We previously produced mice with human hepatocyte (h-hep) chimeric livers by transplanting h-heps into albumin enhancer/promoter-driven urokinase-type plasminogen activator-transgenic severe combined immunodeficient (SCID) mice with liver disease. The chimeric livers were constructed with h-heps, mouse hepatocytes, and mouse hepatic sinusoidal cells(More)