Atsushi Komiyama

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In lactic acid bacteria, pentoses are metabolized via the phosphoketolase pathway, which catalyzes the cleavage of D-xylulose-5-phosphate to equimolar amounts of glyceraldehyde 3-phosphate and acetylphosphate. Hence the yield coefficient of lactate from pentose does not exceed 1.0 mol/mol, while that of Lactococcus lactis IO-1(JCM7638) at high D-xylose(More)
The molecular basis of common variable immunodeficiency (CVID) is unknown. To assess humoral immunity in CVID, we selected 24 patients with early or late onset of disease. X-linked agammaglobulinemia (XLA), X-linked hyper-IgM syndrome (XHIM), and non-XHIM were excluded based on clinical phenotype, assessment of the immune response, presence of Bruton's(More)
BACKGROUND Clostridium butyricum MIYAIRI (CBM) is a probiotic bacteria used for anti-diarrheal medicine in Japan. The preventive effect of CBM was investigated for antibiotic-associated diarrhea (AAD) in children. METHODS One hundred and ten children who suffered from upper respiratory tract infection or gastroenteritis were divided into three groups.(More)
ASC is an adaptor protein that is composed of two protein-protein interaction domains, a PYRIN domain (PYD), and a caspase-recruitment domain (CARD). Recently, ASC was identified as a binding partner of pyrin, which is the product of MEFV, a gene causing familial Mediterranean fever (FMF). Mutations in MEFV result in defects in control of(More) Updated information and services can be found at: (4217 articles) Neoplasia • Articles on similar topics can be found in the following Blood collections Information about reproducing this article in parts or(More)
Systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) was observed in a 7-year-old boy with IgG2 and IgG4 subclass deficiencies who had been treated with immunoglobulin (100–200 mg/kg/4 weeks) since 2 years of age. The mother and the half-brother displayed the same deficiency. Serum IgG mainly consisted of IgG1 (98.9%) during the acute phase of SLE due to transient IgG3(More)
The relationship between class switch recombination (CSR) and somatic hypermutation has been unclear. By using human CD27(-) naive B cells, we investigated the somatic hypermutation and producibility of immunoglobulins (Igs) that occur after CSR. Although neither adult CD27(-) nor cord blood B cells, which showed the unmutated Ig V-region genes, produced(More)
A 12-year-old girl presented with permanent isolated proximal renal tubular acidosis (pRTA), glaucoma, band keratopathy, mild cataract and short stature. Severe metabolic acidosis was caused by the impairment of bicarbonate reabsorption in the proximal tubules and alkali therapy improved her acidaemia. A homozygous G to A transition at nucleotide 1,678 in(More)
Vertical eye deviation in hypoxic coma is considered to be rare. In contrast, we found that in a consecutive series of 50 postresuscitation comatose patients, 28 (56.0%) developed tonic upward or downward eye deviation. We suggest that both the upward and the downward deviations resulted from diffuse cerebrocerebellar damage sparing the brainstem. Upward(More)
Seven muscle biopsies from patients with the clinical characteristics of Marinesco-Sjögren syndrome (MSS) revealed myopathic changes of two types; muscle fiber necrosis followed by regeneration and focal myofibrillar degeneration inducing autophagocytosis with rimmed vacuole formation. In two young patients, massive muscle fiber necrosis with phagocytic(More)