Atsushi Kobayashi

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The EPF family is a group of Cys2/His2zinc-finger proteins in petunia. In these proteins, characteristically long spacer regions have been found to separate the zinc fingers. Our previous DNA-binding studies demonstrated that two-fingered proteins (ZPT2-1 and ZPT2-2), which have spacers of different lengths, bind to two separate AGT core motifs in a spacing(More)
A heterodimer of AhR (aryl hydrocarbon receptor) and Arnt (AhR nuclear translocator) conveys a transactivation signal of aromatic hydrocarbons such as 2,3,7,8-tetrachlorodibenzo-p-dioxin and 3-methylcholanthrene to the genes for a group of drug-metabolizing enzymes. This inducible expression of the genes is inhibited by adenovirus E1A, suggesting that(More)
The cDNAs for two DNA binding proteins of BTE, a GC box sequence in the promoter region of the P-450IA1(CYP1A1) gene, have been isolated from a rat liver cDNA library by using the BTE sequence as a binding probe. While one is for the rat equivalent to human Sp1, the other encodes a primary structure of 244 amino acids, a novel DNA binding protein designated(More)
Aquaporin-4 (AQP4) is a member of a water-selective channel aquaporin-family and mainly expressed in the several structures of the brain and in the collecting duct of the kidney. Here we show its functional involvement in the water homeostasis of the ischemic brain. The expression of AQP4-mRNA is increased in the peri-infarcted cortex during the observation(More)
Thyroid hormone (3,5,3'-triiodothyronine; T(3)) is essential for normal development of the vertebrate brain, influencing diverse processes such as neuronal migration, myelin formation, axonal maturation, and dendritic outgrowth. We have identified basic transcription element-binding protein (BTEB), a small GC box-binding protein, as a T(3)-regulated gene in(More)
Expression of CYP1A1 gene is regulated in a substrate-inducible manner through at least two kinds of regulatory DNA elements in addition to the TATA sequence, XRE (xenobiotic responsive element), and BTE (basic transcription element), a GC box sequence. The trans-acting factor on the XRE is a heterodimer consisting of arylhydrocarbon receptor (AhR) and AhR(More)
BACKGROUND The aim of this retrospective study was to determine the efficacy of complete (R0) resection for pulmonary metastases of colorectal carcinoma, and to clarify prognostic factors for survival that could be used to identify patients likely to benefit most from pulmonary resection. METHODS Data on 113 patients who underwent R0 resection of(More)
PURPOSE To investigate the function and pathogenicity of HRG4, a photoreceptor synaptic protein homologous to the Caenorhabditis elegans neuroprotein UNC119. METHODS HRG4 was screened for mutations in patients with various retinopathies, and a transgenic mouse model was constructed and analyzed based on a mutation found. RESULTS A heterozygous premature(More)
3-Hydroxyacyl-CoA dehydrogenase catalyzes the third reaction of fatty acid beta-oxidation spiral. There are three enzymes catalyzing the 3-hydroxyacyl-CoA dehydrogenase, mitochondrial enoyl-CoA hydratase/3-hydroxyacyl-CoA dehydrogenase/3-ketoacyl-CoA thiolase trifunctional protein, and peroxisomal enoyl-CoA hydratase/3-hydroxyacyl-CoA dehydrogenase CoA(More)
This study analyzes the expression and the function of Xenopus msx-1 (Xmsx-1) in embryos, in relation to the ventralizing activity of bone morphogenetic protein-4 (BMP-4). Expression of Xmsx-1 was increased in UV-treated ventralized embryos and decreased in LiCl-treated dorsalized embryos at the neurula stage (stage 14). Whole-mount in situ hybridization(More)