Atsushi Kitabayashi

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We report downregulatory effects of granulocyte colony-stimulating factor (G-CSF) on allogeneic immune responses in vitro. G-CSF did not affect the proliferative response of peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMC) against allogeneic Daudi cells but did inhibit tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-alpha secretion. In contrast with G-CSF, granulocyte-macrophage(More)
Side population (SP) cells in cancers, including multiple myeloma, exhibit tumor-initiating characteristics. In the present study, we isolated SP cells from human myeloma cell lines and primary tumors to detect potential therapeutic targets specifically expressed in SP cells. We found that SP cells from myeloma cell lines (RPMI 8226, AMO1, KMS-12-BM,(More)
We examined the possible role of interleukin 10 (IL-10) in the pathogenesis of human chronic B-lymphocytic leukemias (B-CLL). With the use of an in vitro culture technique, we found that IL-10 enhanced the survival of B-CLL cells in a dose-dependent fashion by inhibiting the process of apoptotic cell death. This was demonstrated by transmission electron(More)
Recipients of allogeneic bone marrow grafts have clonally expanded CD8(+)CD28(-) T lymphocytes during the early period after transplantation, which leads to skewing of T cell receptor (TCR) repertoires. Here, we have addressed the question of whether clonal expansion of CD28(-) T cells is also observed in CD4(+) T lymphocytes after human allogeneic(More)
We examined the effects of a cell-permeable ceramide analog, C2-ceramide, on the growth of TNF-alpha-resistant B lymphoma Raji cells lacking TNF-alpha-receptors (TNF-R). C2-ceramide inhibited the clonal growth of not only TNF-alpha-sensitive myeloid leukemia cells (HL60 and U937) but also Raji cells. Following stimulation with C2-ceramide, HL60 and U937(More)
We describe a method for monitoring chronic myeloid leukemia (CML) patients treated with imatinib that uses fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) to detect BCR-ABL in peripheral blood (PB) granulocytes. First, we compared this method, termed Neutrophil-FISH, with interphase FISH (i-FISH) analysis of bone marrow (BM), i-FISH analysis of PB mononuclear(More)
Mitochondria play a central role in controlling apoptosis, and activation of the caspase cascade appears to be crucial event during the apoptotic process. Human B lymphoma Raji cells are resistant to nuclear apoptosis induced by various stimuli. Using this cell line, we have asked whether reduction of the mitochondrial transmembrane potential and activation(More)
Acute graft-versus-host disease (GVHD) is a disorder involving the skin, gut and liver that is caused by mismatches of major and/or minor histocompatibility antigens between the HLA-identical donor and recipient. If T lymphocytes infiltrating GVHD lesions recognize antigens expressed in these organs, T cell clones should expand in inflammatory tissues. We(More)
We have examined the reconstitution of gammadelta T cell repertoire diversity after human allogeneic hematopoietic cell transplantation using a polymerase chain reaction (PCR)-based complementarity-determining region (CDR) 3 size spectratyping and DNA sequencing. The CDR3 complexity in the variable region of the T cell receptor (TCR)-delta chain was(More)