Atsushi Kimura

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BACKGROUND Meta-analyses have identified serum levels of brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) as a potential biomarker for major depressive disorder (MDD). However, at the time, commercially available human ELISA kits are unable to distinguish between proBDNF (precursor of BDNF) and mature BDNF because of limited BDNF antibody specificity. In this(More)
Neural stem/progenitor cells (NSPCs) migrate toward a damaged area of the central nervous system (CNS) for the purpose of limiting and/or repairing the damage. Although this migratory property of NSPCs could theoretically be exploited for cell-based therapeutics of CNS diseases, little is known of the mechanisms responsible for migratory responses of NSPCs.(More)
OBJECTIVES To assess whether there is a natural difference in blood pressure (BP) measurements between the right and left arms, and to identify what factors are associated with this difference in a general population. METHODS The study subjects were 1090 individuals who participated in a medical check-up in Ohasama, Japan. The BP was measured(More)
In vitro ovulation of mature medaka ovarian follicles was inhibited by inhibitors of cyclooxygenase (COX) or by an antagonist of the prostaglandin E(2) receptor (EP). Of the three medaka COX genes, ptgs2 was most dominantly expressed in the fish ovary. The ptgs2 transcript was detected in all sizes of growing follicles. In a 24-h spawning cycle, large-sized(More)
The ideal goal of regeneration medicine is to restore form and function to damaged tissues. While stem cell transplantation is considered a promising therapeutic approach, knowing the fate of transplanted cells using appropriate markers is essential. We developed new inbred transgenic rat strains with lacZ and GFP based on the transgenic (Tg) animal(More)
Prolyl oligopeptidase (POP) expression in mouse testis during sexual maturation was examined. Northern blot analysis showed that POP mRNA expression was highest at 2 weeks of age, and gradually reduced thereafter. However, enzyme activity was almost constant during the examined period. In situ hybridization study revealed a change in the expression site of(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE We have previously shown that the sphingosine 1-phosphate (S1P)/S1P receptor-1 (S1P(1)R) axis contributes to the migration of transplanted neural progenitor cells (NPCs) toward areas of spinal cord injury. In the current study, we examined a strategy to increase endogenous NPC migration toward the injured central nervous system to(More)
OBJECTIVE Spinal cord injury (SCI) is accompanied by disruption of the blood-spinal cord barrier and subsequent extravasation of fluid and proteins, which results in edema (increased water content) at the site of injury. However, the mechanisms that control edema and the extent to which edema impacts outcome after SCI are not well elucidated. METHODS(More)
Cytoplasmic streaming is active transport widely occurring in plant cells ranging from algae to angiosperms. Although it has been revealed that cytoplasmic streaming is generated by organelle-associated myosin XI moving along actin bundles, the fundamental function in plants remains unclear. We generated high- and low-speed chimeric myosin XI by replacing(More)
BACKGROUND We examined different characteristics of the second derivative of the finger photoplethysmogram (SDPTG) and brachial-ankle pulse wave velocity (BAPWV) for assessing arterial function in a large general population, along with the alteration of SDPTG in hypertension. METHODS Finger SDPTG and BAPWV were measured in 848 (544 normotensive and 304(More)