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OBJECTIVES To assess whether there is a natural difference in blood pressure (BP) measurements between the right and left arms, and to identify what factors are associated with this difference in a general population. METHODS The study subjects were 1090 individuals who participated in a medical check-up in Ohasama, Japan. The BP was measured(More)
BACKGROUND Meta-analyses have identified serum levels of brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) as a potential biomarker for major depressive disorder (MDD). However, at the time, commercially available human ELISA kits are unable to distinguish between proBDNF (precursor of BDNF) and mature BDNF because of limited BDNF antibody specificity. In this(More)
Neural stem/progenitor cells (NSPCs) migrate toward a damaged area of the central nervous system (CNS) for the purpose of limiting and/or repairing the damage. Although this migratory property of NSPCs could theoretically be exploited for cell-based therapeutics of CNS diseases, little is known of the mechanisms responsible for migratory responses of NSPCs.(More)
Cytoplasmic streaming is active transport widely occurring in plant cells ranging from algae to angiosperms. Although it has been revealed that cytoplasmic streaming is generated by organelle-associated myosin XI moving along actin bundles, the fundamental function in plants remains unclear. We generated high- and low-speed chimeric myosin XI by replacing(More)
Prolyl oligopeptidase (POP) expression in mouse testis during sexual maturation was examined. Northern blot analysis showed that POP mRNA expression was highest at 2 weeks of age, and gradually reduced thereafter. However, enzyme activity was almost constant during the examined period. In situ hybridization study revealed a change in the expression site of(More)
The ideal goal of regeneration medicine is to restore form and function to damaged tissues. While stem cell transplantation is considered a promising therapeutic approach, knowing the fate of transplanted cells using appropriate markers is essential. We developed new inbred transgenic rat strains with lacZ and GFP based on the transgenic (Tg) animal(More)
Spinal cord injury (SCI) is an incapacitating injury that can result in limited functional recovery. We have previously shown increases in the lysophospholipid mediator, sphingosine-1-phosphate (S1P), in the spinal cord after contusion injury. To apply S1P receptor modulation to the treatment of SCI, we examined the therapeutic effects of FTY720, an S1P(More)
We developed a novel wireless radio transmission pH measurement system to continuously monitor ruminal bottom pH in cows, and compared these measurements to pH values determined by a spot-sample method. The wireless system consists of a pH sensor, data measurement receiver, relay unit, and personal computer with special software. The bullet-shaped sensor(More)
Sheep flocks from Hokkaido, Iwate and Aomori, three northern prefectures of Japan, were screened for antibodies to Mycoplasma ovipneumoniae and Mycoplasma agalactiae by ELISA. Sixty four animals out of 246 (26%) were seropositive to M. ovipneumoniae, with positive results obtained from all three prefectures. None of the sera tested were serologically(More)
Circadian pH changes in the fluid of the rumen (bottom and middle) and reticulum were assessed simultaneously using wireless and wired radio-transmission pH-measurement systems in cows fed a control diet (C diet) or rumen-acidosis-inducing diet (RAI diet). The pH in the three sites decreased following the morning and evening feedings. In cows fed the C(More)