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BACKGROUND Meta-analyses have identified serum levels of brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) as a potential biomarker for major depressive disorder (MDD). However, at the time, commercially available human ELISA kits are unable to distinguish between proBDNF (precursor of BDNF) and mature BDNF because of limited BDNF antibody specificity. In this(More)
OBJECTIVE Spinal cord injury (SCI) is accompanied by disruption of the blood-spinal cord barrier and subsequent extravasation of fluid and proteins, which results in edema (increased water content) at the site of injury. However, the mechanisms that control edema and the extent to which edema impacts outcome after SCI are not well elucidated. METHODS(More)
We investigated the effect that the parameters of luminance distribution in fresh food have on our visual perception of its freshness. We took pictures of the degradation over 32 h in freshness of a cabbage. We used original images, which were patches of the pictures taken at different sampling hours, and artificially generated pictures, called "matched(More)
  • Henrik Keller, Aleksandar Juloski, Hironao Kawano, Mario Bechtold, Atsushi Kimura, Hironobu Takizawa +1 other
  • 2012
— The use of flexible endoscopes is the standard screening method for the upper gastrointestinal tract today. Disadvantages for the patient, due to the insertion process and often applied sedation, can be overcome with wireless capsule endoscopy (WCE). But WCE is not suited for the stomach as it can not guarantee a complete screening having no active(More)
Material perception studies focus on the analysis of visual cues that may underlie the ability to distinguish between the different properties of an object. Herein, we investigated the effects of luminance distribution on the perceived freshness of a strawberry independent from its colour information. We took photographs of the degradation of a strawberry(More)
We developed a novel wireless radio transmission pH measurement system to continuously monitor ruminal bottom pH in cows, and compared these measurements to pH values determined by a spot-sample method. The wireless system consists of a pH sensor, data measurement receiver, relay unit, and personal computer with special software. The bullet-shaped sensor(More)
We investigated whether the directional effect on the kappa effect can be attributed to the directional anisotropy of retinotopical space or to the representation of forces provided by environmental contexts (e.g., gravity) in an observed event. We examined whether different contexts with similar directional changes (straight vs. reversed motion) influence(More)
BACKGROUND It is known that subjective contours are perceived even when a figure involves motion. However, whether this includes the perception of rigidity or deformation of an illusory surface remains unknown. In particular, since most visual stimuli used in previous studies were generated in order to induce illusory rigid objects, the potential perception(More)
In vitro ovulation of mature medaka ovarian follicles was inhibited by inhibitors of cyclooxygenase (COX) or by an antagonist of the prostaglandin E(2) receptor (EP). Of the three medaka COX genes, ptgs2 was most dominantly expressed in the fish ovary. The ptgs2 transcript was detected in all sizes of growing follicles. In a 24-h spawning cycle, large-sized(More)
We examined whether food identity information presented as name labels would influence perception of basic tastes. To test this hypothesis, we used 10 aqueous taste solutions consisting of 2-3 of the 5 basic tastes in different ratios and presented them with one of these food names: "lemon," "coffee jelly," "caramel candy," and "consomme soup." Forty-six(More)