Atsushi Isshiki

Learn More
Fibronectin performs essential roles in embryonic development and is prominently expressed during tissue repair. Two forms of fibronectin have been identified: plasma fibronectin (pFn), which is expressed by hepatocytes and secreted in soluble form into plasma; and cellular fibronectin (cFn), an insoluble form expressed locally by fibroblasts and other cell(More)
The levels of protein kinase C-gamma (PKC-gamma ) and the calcium/calmodulin-dependent kinase II-alpha (CaMKII-alpha) were measured in crude synaptosomal (P2), particulate (P3), and cytosolic (S3) fractions of the neocortex of rats exposed to 1-hour and 2-hour middle cerebral artery occlusion (MCAO) and 2-hour MCAO followed by 2-hour reperfusion. During(More)
Recent studies have shown that cyclosporin A, a specific antagonist of calcineurin, a phosphatase, ameliorates neuronal cell death in the CA1 sector of the hippocampus after forebrain ischemia in animal models. The mechanism of this neuroprotective effect, however, has not yet been established. Brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF), a member of the(More)
BACKGROUND The mechanism of the neuroprotective effects of propofol was compared to two other types of intravenous (i.v.) anesthetics (i.e., benzodiazepine; midazolam and barbiturate; pentobarbital) using Mongolian gerbils focusing on GABA receptor subtypes. METHODS Neuronal injury was induced by a 4-min occlusion of the common carotid arteries followed(More)
The immunosuppressant cyclosporin A (CsA) has been shown to have neuroprotective action. The inhibition of both calcineurin activation and mitochondrial permeability transition pore (mtPTP) opening are considered the primary neuroprotective mechanisms of CsA. Here we have evaluated the effect of CsA on significantly reducing infarct size induced by(More)
BACKGROUND Vasoactive intestinal peptide (VIP), and pituitary adenylate cyclase-activating peptide (PACAP), are members of a VIP/secretin/glucagon family. These peptides were demonstrated to possess the neuroprotective properties. However, these peptides are not suited to be developed as a medicine for brain ischemia because of their susceptibilities to(More)
In order to evaluate the functional role of P-glycoprotein (P-gp) in cerebral ischemia, both multidrug resistance 1a knockout (KO) mice and wild-type mice were subjected to transient focal ischemia under a constant body and brain temperature about 37°C. The results showed that the volume of brain infarction induced by middle cerebral artery occlusion in KO(More)
Volatile anesthetics isoflurane possibly improves the ischemic brain injury. However, its molecular actions are still unclear. In ischemia, protein kinase C (PKC)γ and calcium/calmodulin dependent protein kinase II (CaMKII)-α are persistently translocated from cytosol to cell membranes, and diminish these translocation suggested to be neuroprotective. We(More)
Carbamazepine is a therapeutic anticonvulsant, used to manage pain. We often use it to treat trigeminal and post-herpes zoster neuralgias. Interstitial pneumonitis (IP) is a known adverse consequence of using carbamazepine, with bronchiolitis obliterans and organizing pneumonitis. (BOOP) drug-induced IP as typical examples. Here we described a patient with(More)