Atsushi Ikemoto

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Glucose is the major source of brain energy and is essential for maintaining normal brain and neuronal function. Hypoglycemia causes impaired synaptic transmission. This occurs even before significant reduction in global cellular ATP concentration, and relationships among glycolysis, ATP supply, and synaptic transmission are not well understood. We(More)
The relationships between membrane fatty acid modification and neurite outgrowth and norepinephrine release were evaluated in PC12 cells. [3H]Norepinephrine release evoked by carbachol was unaffected by the modifications. Basal spontaneous release was elevated with increases in the degree of unsaturation using cells supplemented with n-3 fatty acids; a(More)
Docosahexaenoic acid (DHA, 22∶6n−3) is one of the major polyunsaturated fatty acids esterified predominantly in aminophospholipids such as ethanolamine glycerophospholipid (EtnGpl) and serine glycerophospholipid (SerGpl) in the brain. Synaptosomes prepared from rats fed an n−3 fatty acid-deficient safflower oil (Saf) diet had significantly decreased 22∶6n−3(More)
  • Chunyan Du, Akira Sato, +6 authors Harumi Okuyama
  • Biological & pharmaceutical bulletin
  • 2003
Hypocholesterolemic activity of dietary polyunsaturated fatty acids is observed after relatively short-term but not long-term feedings, and their long-term feedings are suspected to accelerate aging through tissue accumulation of lipid peroxides and age pigments (lipofuscin). To define the long-term effects of fats and oils in more detail, female mice were(More)
In the Long-Evans Cinnamon rat, copper accumulates in the liver because of a mutation in the copper-transporting ATPase gene, and peroxidative stresses are supposed to be augmented. We examined the effects of dietary fatty acids on hepatitis, hepatic gene expression, and survival. Rats were fed a conventional, low-fat diet (CE2), a CE2 diet supplemented(More)
Peroxidizability of fatty acids in the air is roughly proportional to the number of double bonds, but in vivo peroxidation proceeds in a more complex manner. Here, we compared the effects of dietary and topically applied oils enriched with linoleic acid (LA, 18:2n-6) or alpha-linolenic acid (ALA, 18:3n-3) on UV-induced skin injury in a strain of hairless(More)
Rats fed a high linoleic acid (LA, 18:2n-6) diet or a high alpha-linolenic acid (ALA, 18:3n-3) diet for 4 months after weaning. Platelets from the high-LA group contained more arachidonic acid (AA, 20:4n-6) and less eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA, 20:5n-3) and docosahexaenoic acid (DHA, 22:6n-3) compared with those from the high-ALA group. Incorporation of(More)
Neurite elongation involves the expansion of the plasma membrane and phospholipid synthesis. We investigated membrane phosphatidylethanolamine (PE) biosynthesis in PC12 cells during neurite outgrowth induced by nerve growth factor (NGF). When PE was prelabeled with [3H]ethanolamine and the radioactivity was chased by incubation with 1 mM unlabeled(More)
Glucose metabolism is of vital importance in normal brain function. Evidence indicates that glycolysis, in addition to production of ATP, plays an important role in maintaining normal synaptic function. In an effort to understand the potential involvement of a glycolytic intermediate(s) in synaptic function, we have prepared [3-32P]1,3-bisphosphoglycerate(More)
We have shown previously that the phospholipase A (PLA) activity specific for phosphatidic acid (PA) in porcine platelet membranes is of the A(1) type (PA-PLA(1)) [J. Biol. Chem. 259 (1984) 5083]. In the present study, the PA-PLA(1) was solubilized in Triton X-100 from membranes pre-treated with 1 M NaCl, and purified 280-fold from platelet homogenates by(More)