Atsushi Ikeda

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How do very diverse signaling pathways induce neural differentiation in Xenopus? Anti-BMP (Chordin), FGF8, and IGF2 signals are integrated in the embryo via the regulation of Smad1 phosphorylation. Neural induction results from the combined inhibition of BMP receptor serine/threonine kinases and activation of receptor tyrosine kinases that signal through(More)
BMP receptors determine the intensity of BMP signals via Smad1 C-terminal phosphorylations. Here we show that a finely controlled cell biological pathway terminates this activity. The duration of the activated pSmad1(Cter) signal was regulated by sequential Smad1 linker region phosphorylations at conserved MAPK and GSK3 sites required for its(More)
Xenopus embryonic ectodermal cells dissociated for three or more hours differentiate into neural tissue instead of adopting their normal epidermal fate. This default type of neural induction occurs in the absence of Spemann's organizer signals and is thought to be caused by the dilution of endogenous BMPs into the culture medium. Unexpectedly, we observed(More)
Functional crosstalk between cell-surface and intracellular ion channels plays important roles in excitable cells and is structurally supported by junctophilins (JPs) in muscle cells. Here, we report a novel form of channel crosstalk in cerebellar Purkinje cells (PCs). The generation of slow afterhyperpolarization (sAHP) following complex spikes in PCs(More)
The average molecular weight, the amount of bound phenol of liquefied cellulose and the substitution pattern of bound phenol as well as newly formed residue in the late stage of liquefaction were examined in various liquefaction conditions. The linkage fashion of bound phenol was governed by the liquefaction condition. Phenol extended molecular weight by(More)
Sacrococcygeal teratoma is a relatively rare congenital retroperitoneal tumor in adults. The standard treatment is a complete tumor resection. This report describes the successful laparoscopic resection of a sacrococcygeal teratoma. The patient was a 27-year-old woman with a well-demarcated cystic mass, 6 cm in diameter, in the retroperitoneum overlying the(More)
Junctophilin subtypes, designated as JPH1 approximately 4, are protein components of junctional complexes and play essential roles in cellular Ca2+ signaling in excitable cells. Knockout mice lacking the cardiac-type Jph2 die of embryonic cardiac arrest, and the mutant cardiac myocytes exhibit impaired formation of peripheral couplings and arrhythmic Ca2+(More)
[reaction: see text] Pristine single-walled carbon nanotubes (SWNTs) and nucleotides mixed using a mechanochemical high-speed vibration milling technique (HSVM) are soluble in an aqueous solution, and the solubilities of SWNTs depend significantly on the number of phosphate groups and the kinds of bases employed.
Electrochemical, complexation, and electronic properties of uranyl(VI) and -(V) carbonato complexes in an aqueous Na2CO3 solution have been investigated to define the appropriate conditions for preparing pure uranyl(V) samples and to understand the difference in coordination character between UO22+ and UO2+. Cyclic voltammetry using three different working(More)
We explore numerically the shear rheology of soft repulsive particles at large volume fraction. The interplay between viscous dissipation and thermal motion results in multiple rheological regimes encompassing Newtonian, shear-thinning, and yield stress regimes near the "colloidal" glass transition when thermal fluctuations are important, crossing over to(More)