Atsushi Ihata

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To evaluate the responsiveness of power Doppler ultrasonography (PDUS) in comparison with conventional measures of disease activity and structural damage in rheumatoid arthritis (RA) patients receiving tocilizumab (TCZ). Seven RA patients with active arthritis were enrolled in the study and prospectively monitored for 12 months. They were treated with TCZ(More)
The type and frequency of neurological manifestations of Behçet’s disease (BD) vary with ethnicity. We analyzed the neurological manifestations of BD in Japanese patients. All patients undergoing treatment at one of the two Yokohama City University hospitals from July 1991 to December 2007 and who fulfilled the Japanese criteria for BD revised in 1987 were(More)
OBJECTIVES Although "clinical remission" has been a realistic goal of treatment in rheumatoid arthritis (RA), there is evidence that subclinical synovitis is associated with ongoing structural damage even after clinical remission is achieved. In the study reported here, we assessed whether ultrasonography (US) can predict progressive joint destruction(More)
INTRODUCTION Toll-like receptors (TLRs) mediate signaling that triggers activation of the innate immune system, whereas heme oxygenase (HO)-1 (an inducible heme-degrading enzyme that is induced by various stresses) suppresses inflammatory responses. We investigated the interaction between TLR and HO-1 in an inflammatory disorder, namely Behçet's disease. (More)
Infection with Mycobacterium tuberculosis (M. tuberculosis) is a critical complication in anti-TNF therapies. In 141 BCG vaccinated healthy individuals and 71 rheumatoid arthritis (RA) patients as screening before anti-TNF therapies, M. tuberculosis specific immune responses were evaluated by tuberculin skin test (TST) and enzyme-linked immunospot assay(More)
We compared immune responses to intranasal and intramuscular DNA vaccinations against human immunodeficiency virus type 1 with monophosphoryl lipid A (MPL) used as an adjuvant. Both routes of vaccination resulted in similar levels of cell-mediated immunity, but the intestinal secretory immunoglobulin A response was higher following intranasal immunization(More)
OBJECTIVE To compare the findings in rheumatoid arthritis (RA)-affected joints between (18)F-fluorodeoxyglucose (FDG) and (18)F-fluoride (NaF) positron emission tomography (PET)/computed tomography (CT). METHODS We enrolled twelve RA patients who started a new biologic agent (naïve 9 and switch 3). At entry, both hands were examined by (18)F-FDG PET/CT,(More)
We studied the use of a DNA vaccine expressing the matrix (M) gene of the influenza virus A/PR/8/34. Mice were immunized by painting the DNA vaccine three times on the skin after removal of its keratinocytic layers. Immunization by this method produced M-specific antibodies and cytotoxic T lymphocyte (CTL) response, and acquired resistance against influenza(More)
DNA vaccination is characterized by its preferential induction of the cytotoxic T cell lymphocyte (CTL) response and is expected to be a useful means of protection against viral infection. We examined the protective effect of an expression plasmid (pME18S-M) containing M1 and M2 genes of influenza A/PR/8/34. We detected the CTL activity by introducing these(More)
OBJECTIVE To investigate associations between continuous treatments with tumor necrosis factor (TNF) antagonists and risk for developing serious infections (SIs) over 3 years in Japanese patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) enrolled in the Registry of Japanese RA Patients for Long-Term Safety (REAL) database. METHODS We analyzed 727 RA patients who had(More)