Atsushi Hashimoto

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Cloning of the entire set of an organism's protein-coding open reading frames (ORFs), or 'ORFeome', is a means of connecting the genome to downstream 'omics' applications. Here we report a proteome-scale study of the fission yeast Schizosaccharomyces pombe based on cloning of the ORFeome. Taking advantage of a recombination-based cloning system, we obtained(More)
It has long been assumed that L-forms of amino acids exclusively constitute free amino acid pools in mammals. However, a variety of studies in the last decade has demonstrated that free D-aspartate and D-serine occur in mammals and may have important physiological function in mammals. Free D-serine is confined predominantly to the forebrain structure, and(More)
To obtain further insight into the distribution and metabolism of exogenous D-serine, we have investigated the effect of the intraperitoneal administration of D-serine (10 mmol/kg) on the concentrations of D- and L-serine in several brain areas and periphery of infant and adult rats. The administration produced a significant augmentation of the D-serine(More)
To gain further insight into the metabolic mechanism of endogenous D-serine, the effect of the intracerebroventricular and intraperitoneal administration of L-serine on the concentrations of D- and L-serine in several brain areas and periphery was investigated. The intracerebroventricular injection of L-serine caused a rapid and marked increase in the(More)
A one-year monitoring of Cryptosporidium oocysts and Giardia cysts was conducted at a water purification plant. A total of 13 samples of 50 L river source water and 26 samples of 2,000 L-filtered water, treated by coagulation flocculation, sedimentation and rapid filtration, were tested. Prior to conducting a survey of a water purification plant, we(More)
INTRODUCTION Interstitial Lung Disease (ILD) is frequently associated with Rheumatoid Arthritis (RA) as one of extra-articular manifestations. Many studies for Human Leukocyte Antigen (HLA) allelic association with RA have been reported, but few have been validated in an RA subpopulation with ILD. In this study, we investigated the association of HLA class(More)
SDS-PAGE is a basic method that has long been used for separation of proteins according to their molecular sizes. Despite its simplicity, it provides information on characteristics of proteins beyond their molecular masses because gel mobility of proteins often reflects their physicochemical properties and post-translational modifications. Here we report on(More)
Noroviruses are one of the major causes of viral gastroenteritis in Japan. A quantitative risk assessment was conducted to evaluate the health risk caused by this virus in drinking water. A Monte Carlo analysis was used to calculate both the probability of infection and the disease burden using disability-adjusted life years (DALYs). The concentration of(More)
D-serine is an endogenous and obligatory coagonist for the glycine site of the N-methyl-D-aspartate receptor in the mammalian brain. D-serine is synthesized from L-serine by serine racemase; immunohistochemical studies have long been believed to indicate that serine racemase and D-serine occur predominantly in astrocytes. However, we have recently(More)
Information to distinguish genetic and environmental factors in the pathogenesis of multifactorial diseases can be obtained by investigation of disease development in monozygotic twins. Recent reports have shown that there are genomic and epigenomic differences between monozygotic twins. Genomic/epigenomic and gene expression analyses were performed in(More)