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Mouse anti-Fas monoclonal antibody has a cytolytic activity on human cells that express the antigen. Complementary DNAs encoding the cell surface antigen Fas were isolated from a cDNA library of human T cell lymphoma KT-3 cells. The nucleotide sequence of the cDNAs revealed that the molecule coding for the Fas antigen determinant is a 319 amino acid(More)
Fas is a type I membrane protein and its activation by binding of the Fas ligand or an agonistic anti-Fas antibody induces apoptosis in Fas-bearing cells. In this report we prepared lysates from cells treated with anti-Fas antibody. The lysates induced apoptotic morphological changes in nuclei from normal mouse liver, accompanied by DNA degradation. The(More)
A dot-blot, enzyme-linked immunosorbent method and a latex agglutination test were studied for their abilities to detect Vibrio cholerae serotype O1 in aquatic samples by testing artificially contaminated water as well as samples from natural potential sources. Water samples were preenriched with alkaline peptone and then enriched with Monsur peptone water.(More)
Mutations in particular nucleotides of genes coding for drug targets or drug-converting enzymes lead to drug resistance in Mycobacterium tuberculosis. For rapid detection of drug-resistant M. tuberculosis in clinical specimens, a simple and applicable method is needed. Eight TaqMan minor groove binder (MGB) probes, which discriminate one-base mismatches,(More)
One hundred sixty-nine strains of enterohemorrhagic Escherichia coli serogroup O157 were examined for the correlation between the genotype of their Shiga toxin genes (stx) and manifestation of bloody diarrhea (BD). It was shown that the strains carrying only stx2vha were probably less virulent and caused BD less frequently.
The enteropathogenicity of Aeromonas strains that showed mannose-resistant adhesion to INT407 cells was evaluated by infecting Caco-2 cells and observing them by light and electronmicroscopy. Five of six strains adhered in large numbers to Caco-2 cells in the presence of mannose and caused cytopathic effects. Two strains of Aeromonas spp. seemed to invade(More)
Using 243 Mycobacterium tuberculosis isolates obtained in 2001 in Osaka City, Japan, the discriminatory power of variable numbers of tandem repeats (VNTRs) of 12 standard mycobacterial interspersed repetitive units (MIRUs) was assessed. The biggest cluster defined by MIRU-VNTRs consisted of 57 (23.5 %) isolates and they belonged to the Beijing family based(More)
AIMS The source and routes of diarrhoeagenic Escherichia coli (DEC) have not been clarified because it is difficult to detect these organisms in samples with numerous coliform bacteria. We have developed multiplex real-time PCR assays for exhaustive detection of DEC. METHODS AND RESULTS Primers and TaqMan probes were designed to amplify and quantify one(More)
Meat samples and fecal specimens from adult cattle were collected in Changchun, China and were examined for presence of Shiga toxin-producing Escherichia coli (STEC) serogroup O157. STEC O157 strains were isolated from 2 (5%) of 40 beef, 1 (3.3%) of 30 pork, and 3 (1.7%) of 176 adult cattle fecal samples. The strains belonged to phage types (PT) 4, 8, or(More)
Colicins are proteins produced by and active against several strains of Escherichia coli. Previously we reported that colicinogenic bacteria seemed beneficial in preventing the clinical manifestations of infectious disease caused by enterohemorrhagic E. coli O157 in humans. The inhibitory effects could be due to a decrease in O157 levels and/or(More)