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Obscurin, a giant modular muscle protein implicated in G-protein and protein-kinase signalling, can localize to both sarcomeric Z-disks and M-bands. Interaction of obscurin with the Z-disk is mediated by Z-disk titin. Here, we unravel the molecular basis for the unusual localization of obscurin, a Z-disk-associated protein, to the M-band, where its(More)
The complete gene giant muscle protein obscurin, a modular protein composed largely of tandem Ig-domains, GDP/GTP exchange factor domains (GEF) for small G-proteins, and differentially spliced kinase domains, was analysed. The splice donor and acceptor sites of the 117 exons give important clues for potential splice pathways. The fusion of the conventional(More)
In the sarcomeric M-band, the giant ruler proteins titin and obscurin, its small homologue obscurin-like-1 (obsl1), and the myosin cross-linking protein myomesin form a ternary complex that is crucial for the function of the M-band as a mechanical link. Mutations in the last titin immunoglobulin (Ig) domain M10, which interacts with the N-terminal(More)
Projectin is a giant protein related to twitchin and titin/connectin, that is found in arthropod striated muscle. The complete sequence of a 1 MDa projectin from Drosophila muscle was recently deduced from a thorough analysis of the genomic DNA (Southgate and Ayme-Southgate, 2001). Here we report the complete sequence for projectin from crayfish claw closer(More)
M10 is the most C-terminal immunoglobulin (Ig) domain of the giant protein titin and a frequent target of disease-linked mutations. Currently, it is the only known muscle Ig domain able to interact with two alternative ligands-obscurin and obscurin-like-1 (Obsl1)-in different sarcomeric subregions. Obscurin and Obsl1 use their homologous N-terminal Ig(More)
Drosophila obscurin (Unc-89) is a titin-like protein in the M-line of the muscle sarcomere. Obscurin has two kinase domains near the C-terminus, both of which are predicted to be inactive. We have identified proteins binding to the kinase domains. Kinase domain 1 bound Bällchen (Ball, an active kinase), and both kinase domains 1 and 2 bound MASK (a 400-kDa(More)
Human pancreatic juice, obtained from nine patients after partial excision of the pancreas for bile duct cancer, was fractionated in order to isolate its glycopeptides. Three glycopeptides were purified employing ion-exchange chromatography and gel filtration. All the glycopeptides were found to be free of sialic acid and galactosamine but to have an(More)
Invertebrate connectin (I-connectin) is a 1960 kDa elastic protein linking the Z line to the tip of the myosin filament in the giant sarcomere of crayfish claw closer muscle (Fukuzawa et al., 2001 EMBO J 20: 4826–4835). I-Connectin can be extended up to 3.5 μm upon stretch of giant sarcomeres. There are several extensible regions in I-connectin: two long(More)
The sarcomeric cytoskeleton is a network of modular proteins that integrate mechanical and signaling roles. Obscurin, or its homolog obscurin-like-1, bridges the giant ruler titin and the myosin crosslinker myomesin at the M-band. Yet, the molecular mechanisms underlying the physical obscurin(-like-1):myomesin connection, important for mechanical integrity(More)
Vertebrate striated muscle contains the giant elastic protein connectin that maintains the position of the A-band at the center of the sarcomere during repeated muscular contraction and relaxation. Connectin-like molecules may perform conserved functions in vertebrate and invertebrate striated and oblique muscles, although less is known about the structure(More)
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